There were 16 mahajanapadas / kingdoms which are mentioned in the ancient literature and scriptures. It must be noted here that these sixteen. Many prominent ancient Buddhist texts make frequent references to the ’16 great kingdoms’ (mahajanapadas) that flourished between the sixth. Find 16 Mahajanapadas map, refers to sixteen great nations exist before the start of Buddhism in India.

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The state of Andhra Pradesh is the largest producer of uranium in India. According to ancient texts, a king named Sujata ruled over Matsya as well as Chedi, which later became a separate kingdom. The republics provided a climate in which unorthodox views were tolerated, and new schools of thought such as Buddhism and Jainism emerged and spread. According to old authorities, Mahakanapadas lay near Yamuna midway between the kingdom of Kurus and Vatsas.

Delhi Sultanatec. Several Jatakas folktales about the previous mahajanapadws of Buddha bear witness to the superiority of its capital over other cities of India mahajajapadas speaks high of its prosperity and opulence. Siddhartha Gautama himself was born a prince of Kapilavastu in Kosala around B. With Ayodhya as its capital, Kosala was bound by river Ganges in the south, river Gandak in the east, and the Himalaya mountains in the north.

Mahajanapadas Map, Map of 16 Mahajanapadas

It had a monarchical form of government with its capital at Kausambi identified with the village Kosam, 38 miles from Allahabad.

Kahajanapadas Buddha’s time, many of the Assakas were located on the banks of the river Godavari south of the Vindhya mountains. Its capital was Madhura or Mathura. The Mallas originally had a monarchical form of government but later they switched to one of Samgha republicthe members of which called themselves rajas.


Part of a series on. Gandharas and their king figure prominently as strong allies of the Kurus against the Pandavas in Mahabharata war. Kenoyer”Cultures and Societies of the Indus Tradition.

History Religion Politics and social sciences Credited. Several jataka tales bear witness to the superiority of its capital over other cities in 116 and speak highly of its prosperity and opulence. According to Vayu Purana II. Kuru was born after 25 generations of Puru’s dynasty, and after 15 generations of Kuru, Kauravas and Pandavas were born. The commentator of Kautiliya’s Arthashastra identifies Ashmaka with Maharashtra.

Many Buddhist texts refer to the kingdom as a republican dominion made up of nine territories. Problems of Ancient India, pp.

Post Mahavira and Buddha, the kingdom of Avanti was considered as one of the four great monarchies along with Kosala, Magadha, and Vatsa. Though Udayana initially opposed the teachings of the Buddha, he became a follower of Buddha later in his life and mahajanapsdas made Buddhism as the state religion of Kausambi. The Vrishnis, Andhakas and other allied tribes of the Yadavas formed a sangha and Mahajanapaads Krishna is described as the sangha-mukhya.

In fact, it was the increased use of iron tools and weapons that enabled small states to become kingdoms, known as Mahajanapadas. The territory of the Vajji mahajanapada was located maajanapadas the north of the Ganga River and extended up to the Terai region of Nepal. As per the Vedic texts these Aryan tribes were known as the Janas.

16 Mahajanapada and their capitals

Mughal Dynastyc. In the RamayanaMahabharata and the Puranas the ruling family of the Kosala mahajnaapadas was descended from king Ikshvaku. This was close to be called a democracy but common man had no say in administration. During the time of Megasthenes, Mathura, the capital of Surasena, was known as a city where worshipping Krishna was considered prominent.


The political importance of Matsya had dwindled by the time of Buddha. Jataka also gives another name Chandahara for Gandhara. Avanti later became part of the Magadhan empire. It roughly corresponded to the former state of Jaipur in Rajasthanand included the mmahajanapadas of Alwar with portions of Bharatpur.

Before Buddha, Kasi was the most powerful of the sixteen Mahajanapadas.

Mahajanapadas – New World Encyclopedia

He was very powerful, warlike and fond of hunting. An Investigationp. Before the time of Buddha, Kasi was the most powerful of the 15 Mahajanapadas. Vol I, pVol Maahjanapadas, pp, etc. Avanti was an important centre of Buddhism and some of the leading theras and theris were born and resided there.


The Vedic dislike of the Magadhas in early times was due to the fact that the Magadhas were not yet wholly Mahajanapadqs. Based on Mahabharata evidence, the country of Anga roughly corresponded to the region of Bhagalpur and Monghyr in Bihar and parts of Bengal. A branch of Chedis founded a royal dynasty in the kingdom of Kalinga according to the Hathigumpha Inscription of Kharvela.

The Chedis were an ancient peoples of India and are mentioned in the Rigveda.

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