X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) is a condition that affects the immune system and occurs almost exclusively in males. People with XLA have very few B . The basic defect in both X-Linked Agammaglobulinemia and autosomal recessive agammaglobulinemia is a failure of B-lymphocyte precursors to mature into. Looking for online definition of Burton’s Agammaglobulinemia in the Medical Dictionary? Burton’s Agammaglobulinemia explanation free. What is Burton’s.

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Although the symptoms of a XLA and other primary immune diseases PID include repeated and often severe infections, the average time for a diagnosis of a PID can be up to 10 years.

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Retrieved from ” https: Antibiotics are used to treat infections as they occur. The infections are usually bacterial rather than viral in origin and are extremely difficult to eliminate.

Agammaglpbulinemia In or sign up for a free trial. This applies to standard HIV tests. Frequent bacterial infections, xgammaglobulinemia lack of mature B cells, and low-to-nonexistent levels of agammxglobulinemia point to a diagnosis of XLA.

Examination shows lymphoid hypoplasia tonsils and adenoids, no splenomegaly or lymphadenopathy. Treatment of XLA consists of regular intravenous doses of commercially prepared gamma globulin sold under the trade names Gamimune or Gammagard to ward off infections. Because gamma globulin is so important in the production of antibodies and thus in the body’s ability to defend itself against infection, it follows that a deficiency or absence of gamma globulin would result in severe and recurrent infections.

Treatment with pooled gamma globulin cannot restore a functional population agamamglobulinemia B cellsbut it is sufficient to reduce the severity and number of infections due to the passive immunity granted by the exogenous antibodies. When XLA is suspected, it is possible to do a Western Blot test to determine whether the Btk protein is being expressed.


You will need a VisualDx account to use the mobile apps. Nurses can play an important part in ensuring early diagnosis. Infants with XLA usually do not show symptoms during the first six months of life because immunoglobulins from their mothers are circulating in their bloodstreams.

This temporary deficiency of gamma globulin lasts for the first 6 to 8 weeks, until the infant begins to synthesize the protein. Alport syndrome Dent’s disease X-linked nephrogenic diabetes insipidus. There are five types of immunoglobulins, but the major one is gamma globulin or immunoglobulin G.

Ornithine transcarbamylase deficiency Oculocerebrorenal syndrome Dyslipidemia: Heald MD David G. Furthermore, it is not known if active vaccines in general have any beneficial effect on XLA patients as they lack normal ability to maintain immune memory. Neurofibromatosis type I Watson syndrome Tuberous sclerosis.

A sample of the infant’s birton serum can be analyzed for the presence of immunoglobulins by a technique called immunoelectrophoresis. The disorder is inherited in an X-linked recessive fashion as the gene linked to it is on the X chromosome and is almost entirely limited to the sons of asymptomatic female carriers. Practical Diagnosis and Management.

X-linked agammaglobulinemia

As the form of agammaglobulinemia that is X-linkedit is much more common in males. We have sent an e-mail with this patient information. Raising nurses’ awareness of primary deficiency: Although persons with XLA carry the genes to produce immunoglobulins, a genetic defect on the X chromosome prevents their formation. Antibodies are made mainly by plasma agammaglohulinemiawhich are daughter cells of the B cell line. There is no special agammaglohulinemia for XLA patients in dealing with pets or outdoor activities.


Serology detection on antibodies to a specific pathogen or antigen is often used to diagnose viral diseases. XLA is caused by a mutation on the X chromosome of a single gene identified in which produces an enzyme known as Bruton’s tyrosine kinaseor Btk. XLA is caused by a defect in the gene that codes for Btk.

Congenital agammaglobulinemia

B cell — A type of lymphocyte, or white blood cell, that is a key component of the body’s immune system. In people with XLA, the white blood cell formation process does not generate mature B cells[2] which manifests as a complete or near-complete lack of proteins called gamma globulinsincluding antibodiesin their bloodstream.

Antibody — A molecule that is produced by the immune system in response to a protein, called an antigen, that is not recognized agammagkobulinemia belonging in the body. They include frequent ear and sinus infections, pneumoniaand gastroenteritis.

Burton’s Agammaglobulinemia definition of Burton’s Agammaglobulinemia by Medical dictionary https: We have sent an e-mail with a link to the current page.

Hawkes MD Peter W. This defect is not associated with the immunoglobulins themselves, but rather with the B cells in the bloodstream that ordinarily secrete the immunoglobulins.

X-linked agammaglobulinemia – Wikipedia

Haemophilia A Haemophilia B X-linked sideroblastic anemia. Crissey MD Harold E. The gene for Btk is on the X chromosome.

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