PDF | A historical approach could help in the detection of some viewpoints that cannot be paid attention to or signified by a purely medical one. Avicenna’s Canon of Medicine-Al-qanun fi al-tibb. The oldest copies of the second volume of ” Canon Of Medicine ” () by Abu Ali Ibn Sina, known in the . A historical approach could help in the detection of some viewpoints that cannot be paid attention to or signified by a purely medical one.

Author: Dak Zulkiran
Country: Algeria
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Software
Published (Last): 14 July 2007
Pages: 267
PDF File Size: 5.66 Mb
ePub File Size: 8.84 Mb
ISBN: 515-6-59443-490-2
Downloads: 71433
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Shakak

He contrasts Galen’s view that the brain is the “chief seat of sentient life” with Aristotle’s view that the heart is the source of all the body’s faculties, saying that if physicians considered the matter carefully they would agree with Aristotle that the heart was the al-qanub source of all the faculties, even if for example the brain is where the rational faculty manifests itself. It is possible that the drug acted directly against one disease, and acted against the symptom of the other.

Inflammations become febrile Loss of vigour. Someone might say to us that medicine is divided into theoretical and practical parts and that, by calling it a science, we have considered it as being all theoretical.

In his thesis on “The Members”, Avicenna explains that the humours help to make a-ltibb the members of the body, gives a general description and how to repair them. The period of formation of the teeth.

We see Ibn Sina not concerned here with any specific kind of teaching, but merely with creating a happy childhood as regards physical, mental and moral health.

Archived from the original on 20 June Serous humour resembles blood and is necessary for body tissues for two reasons: Avicenna’s thesis on the elements of the cosmos is described by Gruner as “the foundation of the whole Canon “.


Medicine is described as “hot” or “cold”, not based upon its actual temperature but with regard to how it relates to the temperament of the human body.

It consists of four articles. Evidence for youth having an excess of blood is suggested by Avicenna’s observation that nose bleeds are more frequent within youth. Some are “simple members” or “elementary tissue” such as bone, cartilage and tendons.

The Canon of Medicine – Wikipedia

Book 5 the Formulary lists compound drugs, [2] [8]: The Canon defines a humour as “that fluid, moist ‘body’ into which our aliment is transformed”, [8]: If the drug has an immediate effect, this shows that it has acted against the disease itself.

Other articles Bracken MB We say experimenting leads to knowledge of the potency of a medicine with certainty after taking into consideration certain conditions. If some of the drugs are inadequate with regard to heat when compared to the coldness of an illness, they will not be able to effect a cure.

Al-qann, there appear to have been two men called Gerard of Cremona, both translators of Arabic texts into Latin. The following table is provided for the four periods of life: The drawing of Ibn Sina on a Polish stamp.

Retrieved 20 December The Canon contains seven rules for experimenting with new drugs, taken partly from Galen. In the latter case, if the condition consists of two opposite diseases and the drug is tried and found beneficial in both, we cannot infer the real cause of the cure.

Only after this may we wholly understand the old medical texts. Canon of Medicine PDF 2nd ed. The Canon continues to explain the sun’s position in relation to ideal temperament and the role that climate and human skin play.

Each member of the body is described to be given each its individual temperament, each with its own degree of heat and moisture. Roger Bacon and the beginnings of experimental science in Britain. Each entry contains the substance’s name, its criteria of goodness which sometimes describes how the substance is found in natureand its nature or primary qualities. In general, there are four types of proper spirit: He describes what he says are the ” four causes ” of illness, based on Aristotelian philosophy: The Canon of Medicine remained a medical authority for centuries.


If we try it al-aqnun a hot disease, al-qnun as diurnal fever, it would also have a beneficial effect because it gets rid of yellow bile. The editors are grateful to: He favoured proven remedies which had been tested through experience, cautioning that compounds could have unexpected or much stronger effects than might be expected from the effects of the individual components. Then a list is al-qanu in order of moisture. Bukhtishu family Ja’far al-Sadiq. Avicenna credits Galen with this particular list.

Ibn Sina’s Al-Qanun fi al-tibb (The canon of medicine)

Known to us is the perceptible human body with its organs and its cells. Avicenna treated spinal deformities using the reduction techniques introduced by Greek physician Hippocrates.

What is more, it also refers to subjects such as obesity and emaciation that affect the appearance, and preventive methods and measures for all of these are discussed.

Avicenna’s poem on medicine.

One of these aspects, however, has not been very widely discussed, namely his views on education. Retrieved from ” https: It fell out of favour in university syllabi, although it was still being taught as background literature as late as in Padua.

Author: admin