Albert Mathiez was born to an innkeeper’s family at La Bruyère in eastern France on Jan. 10, He graduated from the École Normale in After teaching. Albert Mathiez, an Historian at War. James Friguglietti. The present great war will not only change the face of the world in which we live. It will also transform our. Albert Mathiez, his pupil in method, and for the last twenty years the antagonist of his point of view, was struck down by apoplexy in the middle of a lecture on
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An arrival point and a departure point: Pages like these will live long in the memory of men. He was a vigorous polemicist; in his own defense after he mounted a sharp critique of Stalinism.
While continuing his previous studies, in particular on Danton, Mathiez oriented himself towards a new sector for him, that of the economic and social history of the Revolution. Having arrived at a more serene vision we will not intervene in this quarrel.
Consequently, a revisionist line confronts the classical social interpretation.
Albert Mathiez – Wikipedia
The thesis, on Revolutionary religious cultsmarked him as a mathjez of independent mind. Whatever the elegies delivered, we cannot hide their points of disagreement. Mathiez now arrived at considering the French Revolution as a class struggle, the Third Estate against the privileged, and to interest himself in the social and political dissociation of the Third Estate.
No other history of the Revolution has so closely approached reality. The history of the French Revolution could not escape this law.
Earlier a pacifist, Mathiez developed into a nationalistic Jacobin after the World War erupted in Mathiez emphasized class conflict. This primary influence remained inerasable: Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels, for example, scolded their Hegelian colleague, Georg Daumer, for promoting a new pantheistic creed.
He thus undertook his history with the prejudices of the school. Mathiez argued that these cults were profoundly related to the Revolutionaries’ views of the role of religion in society. After graduation, he passed the aggregation in history, and after doing his military service, entered the teaching profession. First, religious institutions — i. In a series of articles and books— Robespierre Studies 2 vols. In fact, it was in the wake of his teacher Aulard, who he long spoke in praise of, that Mathiez at first attached himself to the political, and even more, the religious, element of the Revolution.
It is far from having lost its creative spark. Aulard belonged to that generation which from had fought, through the Republic, to found a parliamentary and secular democracy.
Facts like these could not but have an effect on Revolutionary historiography. At that time it was more difficult to escape the generalities ordinarily accepted by historians of the Marxist school and to deliver a precise, detailed, and penetrating study of the economic might of the bourgeois class before They shared all his anti-Robespierrist prejudices.
It set in motion a movement of research and ideas that, alas, had not yet produced all its results. Thus the social interpretation of the French Revolution was gradually perfected through a long development, secular to say the least. Robespierre and the Jacobins were ultimately overthrown by the bourgeoisieMathiez argued, once their property rights were threatened. Mathiez came from a peasant family in Eastern France.
It is a starting point more than an arrival point. A happier consequence was that historians now took the popular masses into consideration who they had heretofore ranked behind the bourgeoisie within the Third Estate, and began to more closely study the conditions of their existence and the motives that set them in movement from to the Year III. Religio perennis lurks behind all the superficial changes in mythology over the centuries, expressing an immutable desire.
Besides, by focusing on abstruse theoretical matters like the withering away [ Absterben ] of church and state, one avoids the eminently practical issue Fluss was trying to address. Several things are already implied by this statement. Mathiez was combative, short-tempered and unabashedly Marxist.
Arrival point, departure point: