Memmi’s book, The Colonizer and the Colonized (part of which has also been published under the title, Portrait of the Colonizer), is one of. First published in English in , this timeless classic explores the psychological effects of colonialism on colonized and colonizers alike. Nearly 40 years after its first publication in French this collection of Sartre’s writings on colonialism remains a supremely powerful and relevant polemical work.

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An important influence on postcolonial thought ever since, this book takes on added resonance in the light of the West’s most recent bout of interference in the non-Western world. The first, assimilation, is impossible oclonized the colonizer will not allow it.

When the colonized uses them, the leftist colonizer becomes unbearably embarrassed.

We know that leftist tradition condemns terrorism and political assassination. Want to Read saving….

The candidates for assimilation ultimately remain outcasts, however, because for the colonial system to perpetuate itself, it must not allow assimilation. They are spontaneous outbursts of masses too long oppressed, or better yet, acts by unstable, untrustworthy elements which the leader of the movement has difficulty in controlling.

Since all resources go to the colonizer despite the need for increased resources by the growing colonized population, the standard of living of the colonized inevitably goes down.

The Colonizer and the Colonized – Wikipedia

Several decades later, Memmi published a follow-up book called Decolonization and the Decolonized. The leftist colonizer tried in vain to explain actions which seemed incomprehensible, shocking and politically absurd.

Having become aware of the unjust relationship which ties him to the colonized, he must continually attempt to absolve himself.

Views Read Edit View history. Stay in Touch Cplonized up. For the colonial condition cannot be adjusted to; like an iron collar, it can only be broken. Racism is ingrained in actions, institutions, and in the nature ghe the colonialist methods of production and exchange. Chatterjee, Partha November 20, Since the native is subhuman, the Declaration of Human Rights does not apply to him; inversely, since he has no rights, he is abandoned without protection to albedt forces – brought in with the colonialist praxis, engendered every moment by the colonialist apparatus, and sustained by relations of production that define two sorts of individuals – one for whom privilege and humanity are one, who becomes a human being through exercising his rights; and the other, for whom a denial of rights sanctions misery, chronic hunger, ignorance, or, in general, ‘subhumanity.


Revolt is a step in the colonial process and its built-in end. The colonizer anx the colonized Albert Memmi Snippet view – Through cultural domination, the colonizer creates a group of francophiles who can attain a slightly higher status See Anglophilia.

Jul 08, Pages Buy. Albert Memmi’s classic work stands as one of the most powerful and psychologically penetrating studies of colonial oppression ever written. Nonetheless, the thd discord with himself continues. In order to witness the colonized’s complete cure, his alienation must completely cease. He has been torn away from his past and cut off from his future, his traditions are dying and he loses the hope of acquiring a new culture. These facts form the very essence of the colonial system, and soon the colonialist realizes his own ambiguity.

He never forgets to make a public show qlbert his own virtues, and will argue with vehemence to appear heroic and great. colonizrd

Memmi, Albert

Afterword by Susan Gilson Miller. The colonial situation, by its own internal inevitability, brings on revolt. In fact, the colonialist system favors population growth to reduce the cost of labor, and it forbids assimilation of the natives, whose numerical superiority, if they had voting rights, would shatter the system.

As soon as they dare speak, what will they tell just those people, other than of their malaise and revolt? He ends up recognizing it as one would a detested nickname which has become a familiar description. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it. Return to Book Page. Europeans living in colonies often consider themselves to be in exile.

By using terror to quell any reactionary uprising, the colonizers reinforce fear and submission. His condition is absolute and cries for an absolute solution; a break and not a compromise. The colonizer who accepts. The Colonizer and the Colonized Quotes Showing of Even in Europe, very few people admitted that the oppression of the colonized was so great, the disproportion of forces so overwhelming, that they had reached the point, whether morally correct or not, of using violent means voluntarily.


Three factors typify the colonizer who, according to Memmi, means any European in a colony: Because the colonial system has not provided a democratic process, the other option is revolt. For example, the death albet children and persons outside of the struggle, or even of colonized persons who, without being basically opposed, disapproved of some small aspect colonzer the undertaking.

Memmi, Albert – Postcolonial Studies

By having chosen to ratify the colonial system, the colonialist has not really overcome the actual difficulties. Colonization usurps any free role in either war or peace, every decision contributing to his destiny and that of the world, and all cultural and social responsibility.

Thus, the courage of the colonized is destroyed, leading to deficiencies in self-assurance and pride. Racism is ingrained in every colonial institution, and establishes the subhumanity of the colonizedfostering poor self-concepts in the colonized as well.

LitFlash The eBooks you want at the lowest prices. Helaena White, Spring Last edited: First published in English inthis timeless classic explores the psychological effects of colonialism on colonized and colonizers alike. Most startling of all is Sartre’s advocacy of violence as a legitimate response to repression, motivated by his belief that freedom is the central characteristic of being human.

Yet although he is benevolent, he is detached from the struggle of the colonized. Could words of peace or thoughts of gratitude be expected from those who have been suffering from a loan that compounds so much interest? Looking for More Great Reads?

Resistance movements, when they occur, are severely quelled.

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