Amflora potatoes, likely to become the first genetically modified crop in the last decade to be approved for growth in Europe, have become the. “Amflora” (EH) is the name used for a potato grade developed by the company BASF Plant Science, whose starch production has been genetically. The European Commission has given the green light to BASF for the commercial application of its genetically modified Amflora potato. By allowing the cultivation.
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Even so – and for the first time – a minority of the scientist on the panel came to differing conclusion then the rest of the panels. Retrieved 26 February Document Actions Print this.
Nevertheless, in a second assessment the GMO amfloar together with the Biohazard panel came to the conclusion that they still saw no reasons for concern.
Its by-products, however, may be used as feed. This is necessary in order amflota separate the successfully genetically modified seedlings from specimens which do not bear the desired modification. Roughly one quarter of all potatoes grown in Europe is already used for non-food industrial purposes, another half for animal feed and only one quarter for human consumption, which has declined consistently since the s. After a comprehensive authorisation procedure, including favourable scientific opinions, the European Commission EC approved cultivation of the Amflora starch potato on 2 March Two rounds of voting were held, first by experts in December and then by the agricultural ministers in Julybut both failed to reach the 74 percent threshold.
These decisions are not about science but about politics”. Conventional potatoes contain two different grades of starch, amylopectin and amylose; the GM potato grade Amflora, however, develops only the amylopectin starch.
Gene therapy Genetic enhancement. Publication type Briefing Policy area Food Safety. Neomycin is used in some countries in human and veternary medicine, while kanamycin is listed by the WHO as a reserved antibiotic against multiple resistant strains of tuberculosis. The New York Times.
The potato, derived from the variety “Prvalent” has been modified by ‘antisense inhibition’ of a gene that otherwise codes for the starch synthase. It was approved for industrial applications in the European Union on 2 March by the European Commission.
Finally, the medical community is concerned about increasing antibiotic resistance, and in the EU adopted a law which called for withdrawal to genes that are resistant to antibiotics, which can threaten human health and the environment. Genetically Modified Foods I. Decreased amylose production, increased kanamycin resistance.
In the course of the approval procedure for Amflora, EFSA had issued several statements all of which concluded that the potato grade poses no hazards either for human or animal health or for the environment. Amflorz potatoes would be processed and sold as starch to industries that prefer waxy potato starch with only amylopectin.
It also announced it was planting ha in the Czech Republic “for commercial aims with an unnamed partner. This appears to be the first time that another EU authority was asked to provide additional assessments.
In Europe, approximately half of the processed starch stems from potatoes.
The lengthy approval process frustrated some supporters of the amtlora. Info Potato grade Amflora Potato grade Amflora “Amflora” EH is the name used for a potato grade developed by the company BASF Plant Science, whose starch production has been genetically modified in such a way that it is more suitable for particular industrial purposes.
Animal Experiments in Research. According to the EC, it will optimise the production process and allow savings on raw materials, energy, water and oil-based chemicals. Amflora also ajflora an antibiotic resistance marker that was introduced to initially distinguish modified cells from non-modified, and that is ptato no use in the actual, commericial plant, but it is nevertheless present and actively producing the nptII protein that confers resistance to kanamycin, neomycin, gentamycin, gentemycin, paramomycin and framycetin.
In its verdict, the General Court complained that the EU Commission failed to submit the latest EFSA statement to the responsible committees before authorising the cultivation of Amflora.
Amflora – Wikipedia
Starch is not only used in the foods industry but is also a component of numerous products in the so-called non-food-sector. BASF developed Amflora in a laboratory as an alternative thickening agent for paper, adhesives and textiles and first sought approval for cultivation in Europe in BASF, the company which sought authorisation, is planning to plant several hundred hectares of this potato in Germany, the Czech Republic, Sweden and the Netherlands.
However, the European Food Safety Authorities GMO panel deemed that kanamycin-resistance could be neglected with respect to human health threats, as it was already widely spread in the environment and in humans.
The biggest German field trial with Amflora, covering a highly secured area of 20 hectares, took place in Mecklenburg-Hither Pomerania in A gene was added to Amflora, which renders the plants resistant against the antibiotics kanamycin and neomycin. It also contains an antibiotic resistance gene as marker. Synthetic biology Cloning Stem cell research. On July 16th the Council Agricultural Ministers had to vote on the proposal and, again, could not agree with the qualified majority.
Amflora: BASF’s Starch-potato
amflira For industrial processing this has the advantage that the starch fractions don’t need to be separated in the production process. Amylose is used to produce paste, adhesives, lubricants, films, building materials, synthetics and other industrial products. The BASF potato supresses by means of antisense inhibition of a single gene, coding for a granule-bound starch synthase gbss.
Views Read Edit View history. Medical Research involving Minors. Prior to its admission, the GM amylopectin-potato has been examined in the laboratory and in outdoor tests with regards to yield, resistance to vermin and diseases as well as hazards for humans, animals and the environment.
This page was last edited on 10 Novemberat