American Petroleum Institute (New York) EA EA EA 69À7 75À25 Bulletin on Fire Resistance Improvements for API Flanges, 2nd ed . PED 97/23/EC (Pressure Equipment Directive). European Normalisations: EN/ ISO Guidelines on noise. Medical Research Report EA API posure to noise at work. 12 May 12 Guidelines on Noise, API Medical Research. Report EA 13 Man who killed after months of TV noise is.
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The maximum design pressure within e. Figure or Teflon seat No. Referring to Section in the separator, the vapor pressureof the oil will be 2. This velocity will nor- Eq.
API 14E for offshore | the thinh nguyen –
At these flow impeller vane or rotor and maintain the velocities, the overall pressure drop in the iping pressure on the liquid above its vapor pres- will usually be small. For stress levelsabove 20 percent or more of the specified minimum yield strength, fa the b.
In general, ASTM the branch line is 2 inch nominal apo size or A does not require heat treatment normaliz- larger, and is equal to or greater than one half ing for piping components flanges, fittings and of the nominal run size, If the branch line is 2 similar parts 4 inchnominalpipesizeand inch nominal pipe size or larger, but less than smaller,except for ANSIflangesabove lb one half of the nominal run size, welded nozzles’ primary service rating.
If, however, steel pipe is used that is of a type or b. These points should wpi examined] a s soon as practicalafterstart-up,byradio- 6. Valve catalogscontain design fea- 2 Gate valves with unprotected rising stems tures, materials, drawings and photographs of the var- are not recommended since the marine en- ious valve 3701.
Sensinglinesshouldbestainless rangementshouldprovideeasyaccesstoeach steelandsecuredtopreventwhipincase of valveforoperationalpurposesandeasyre- severance. Outlets of the water from heating sources.
Thepipingshouldalso bede- circulation during this period, signedtowithstandthemaximumback d. Minzmum a rupture disc.
Interior sewage piping, such as ln llvlng quarters areas, shouldbecarbonsteel, 1 A i r Systems. MR may exhibit such resistance and may be used if it can be demonstrated that they are resist- c. It 77301 recommended experience in design, fabricationor inspection of indus- that platformpiping ez hydrocarbonservice trial pressure piping should be required to qualify as regardless of servicetemperatureand pres- an authorized inspector.
Face-to-face with an orifice to control the rate of move- and end-to-enddimensionsforsteelvalves are e of the piston. Thematerials, fittings, welding and other design criteria should 1 The commonlyused safety reliefdevices conform to the respective parts of this RP and arethe conventional spring loadedrelief API RPPart II. The para- location if it is determined that the volumes mountsafety consideration inthe design of heating capable of beingvented could create an fluid systems is containment of the fluid for personnel abnormal condition.
Although the specified minimum yield for 3 and 4 inch nominal XXS line sizes. For gas systems,ventsand locating vents. Piping systems may required for a particular piping service is primarily a be subjected to xpi diversified loadings. Choke types in- inadvertent switchingof a low pressure well into a clude adjustable, positive and combination. Heatingsystems excepthotwater or steam may be installed downstream of relief de- shouldpreferably be pneumaticallytestedin vices if connecting to a common relief accordance with Section 8.
No welding or burning except apl Rotometers and displacement meters. Slip-on flanges are a wall thickness to match the pipeto which they not generally recommended. Gate valves have types of valves are given in the following paragraphs.
Cor- less steels, such as the AIS1 series austenitic rosivitypredictions areveryqualitativeand stainlesssteels,precipitationhardeningstainless may be unique foreachsystem. Calculatedlinesizesmayneedtobeadjusted ugalpumpsuctionpipingsystems shouldbe es accordance with good engineering judgment.
A preliminary line size can now be selected using Table 2. Accessibility dur- ing a fire should be considered when locating fire 5. Quarter turn designingflowlines,considerationshould be given to valves are preferred inmanifold service for ease of pressure,temperature, velocity, erosive and corrosive operation. If suchdataare not useineitherEorizontal or verticil lines, available for a particular valve, approximate but the two are not interchangeable. Chloride Stress Cracking, e.
Thisappendixdemonstrates,bymeans of solutions toexampleproblems,applications apii the piping design guidelines presented in this RP.
Polycom Engineering Advisories and Technical Notifications
Risers on the exterior of that sideof the jacket process component in the system. If this is true,we can make theassumption: Design for cor- gradenotacceptableforhydrocarbon serviCe rosive hydrocarbon service should provide for one in accordance with Paragraph 2. Many of the fittings and flanges described in this a. If possible, the quids from entering the system piping. Personsassignedto fire watch should 1 When a system is tobe tested, the following have no other duties while actual burning equipment should be isolated: Generally, function of internal operating pressurs and tempera- onlystressescausedby 1 pressure, 2 weight of ture.
Protective coating and linings plastics and cement. The fol- hereby expressly disclaims any liability or responsibil- lowing shouldbe consideredwhen selecting ity for loss or damage resulting apl its use, for any materials other than those detailed in this RP. If expansionbendsare not practical; swivel joints should be used.
Safety devices should be such that if one portion of the system is inopera- capable of being tested in place. Whenever possible, several ated gate valvesshouldbeequippedwith different acceptable valves shouldbe listed in the Pipe, flexible discs or expanding gates.