Northrop Fryes Theory of Archetypes Compiled by Dilip Barad Dept. of English, M.K. Bh. It was not until the work of the Canadian literary critic Northrop Frye that archetypal criticism was theorized in purely literary terms. The major. “The Archetypes of Literature” by Northrop Frye – Free download as PDF File .pdf ), Text File .txt) or read online for free. Northrop Frye. The Kenyon Review, Vol.

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Metonymy may be instructively contrasted with metaphor. In art it is achieved through dreaming imagination and in religion it is through visualization. Literature is a part of humanities and humanities include philosophy and history also.

That is, from particular truths in a work, he draws forth general truths. The archetypes of images are pastoral images.

Archetypal literary criticism

It is noted for its darkness, dissolution, the return of chaos, and the defeat of the heroic figure. Literature in the Second Degree. Although Shakespeare based many of his characters on existing archetypes from fables and myths e. Archetypes fall nogthrop two major categories: In the tragic vision of life, this world usually becomes the sea, as the narrative myth of dissolution is so often a flood myth.

The Archetypes of Literature by Stacey V on Prezi

Each season is aligned with a literary genre: As for Jung, Frye was uninterested about the collective unconscious on the grounds of feeling it was unnecessary: Historical Criticism and Inductive Analysis Under the second type of criticism called historical criticism, a critic interprets the birth of a text and resolves that it is an outcome noorthrop the social and cultural demands of a society in a particular period.


Each category is further subdivided into two categories: God is a character in the story of Paradise Lost or The Bible, and the critic deals with Him and considers Him only as a human character. How archetypes came to be was also of no concern to Frye; rather, the function and effect of archetypes is his interest. The sea is a common symbol used by many writers over the years and therefore it is an archetypal symbol.

Literarure kind of criticism will give only the background information about a work.

Welcome: Northrop Frye: The Archetypes of Literature

Owing to jealousy, Othello, in the Shakespearean play, inflicts upon himself literaturre and this is the particular truth of the drama from which the reader learns the general truth of life that jealousy is always destructive.

Towards the close of the first section, Frye contends that structural criticism will help a reader in understanding a text, and in his analysis, he proceeds inductively.

She is an archetypal character of literature and art. The combination of the sea and beast images gives us the leviathan and similar water-borne monsters.


Views Read Edit View history. In recent times this type of critics. Literary criticism Greek mythology studies Critical theory Literary archetypes. All he states is that the archetypes make the concepts of the universe better understandable for the human beings. Sun fire and sky are closely related: As for Jung, Frye was uninterested about the collective unconscious on the grounds of feeling it was unnecessary: In his remarkable and influential book Anatomy of CriticismN.

It is easiest to understand them with the help of examples.

His views were not connected to anthropology and psychoanalysis as were those of Frazer and Jung. In cognitive linguisticsmetonymy refers to the use of a single characteristic to identify a more complex entity and is one of the basic characteristics of cognition. It originates from the subconscious, from the dreams. According to this argument the dilemma Bt archetypal criticism faces with more contemporary literatureand that of post-modernism in general, is that genres and categories are no longer distinctly separate and that the very concept of genres has become blurred, thus problematizing Frye’s schema.

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