FM Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield. CHAPTER 1 . Everyone in the US Army conducts some form of IPB. For example: A rifleman in an infantry . United States Army Command and General Staff College .. Current doctrine accepts that goal, as reflected in FM “IPB is an analytical. FIELD MANUAL Headquarters. Department of the Army. Washington, DC , 8 July INTELLIGENCE PREPARATION OF THE BATTLEFIELD.
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Step 4 integrates the results of the previous steps into a meaningful conclusion. As the operation unfolds and the enemy’s intentions become more clear, reinitiate the IPB and decision making processes as needed. Defining 34-1130 significant characteristics of the battlefield environment also aids in identifying gaps in current intelligence holdings and the specific intelligence required to fill them.
A brief overview of each function is presented below. He bases the AI’s limits on the amount of amy estimated to complete the command’s mission and the location and nature of the characteristics of the battlefield which will influence the operation. The IPB process identifies any critical gaps in the command’s knowledge of the battlefield environment or threat situation.
IPB identifies facts and assumptions about the battlefield environment and the threat. This evaluation focuses on the general capabilities of each force until COAs are developed in later steps of the IPB process. The battle staff then wargames the best friendly response or preemptive action based on the updated set of IPB predictions.
Threat evaluation also provides armyy detailed information on the threat’s current dispositions, recent activities, equipment, and organizational capabilities the staff needs to complete their own staff estimates and planning.
IPB helps the commander identify his intelligence requirements and provides the focus and direction needed to satisfy them. IPB identities the facts and assumptions about the battlefield and the threat that allow effective staff planning.
The targeting team further refines the event templates and matrices to include the information required to support targeting. The details these tools provide are the basis of an effective intelligence collection plan.
FM Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield – Introduction
As part of COA analysis and comparison, or immediately after, the staff generally starts the targeting process with a targeting conference. IPB is a systematic, continuous process of analyzing the threat and environment in a specific geographic area.
When operating against a new or less well-known threat, he may need to develop his intelligence data bases and threat models concurrently. Define the Battlefield Environment.
Fn command’s collection manager uses the results of IPB to develop and implement a collection plan that will satisfy these requirements see IPB and the Collection Management Process. This enables staff planning and the development of friendly COAs. The products developed during IPB are so critical to this cycle and the staff planning effort that it is a distinct function. Intelligence synchronization is more than simply ensuring that collection systems of various sorts are operating 24 hours a day.
This is primarily a discussion of what is known about the threat facts and the results of analysis of those facts assumptions. As the size of the unit increases, the level of detail required in the IPB effort increases significantly. Following staff recommendations, the commander decides upon a COA and issues implementing orders. The doctrinal principles of IPB are sound and can be applied to all situations at all levels. Enter Your Email Address.
For a complete discussion of the targeting process, see FM Doctrine Versus Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures. Appendix A discusses in 34-310 detail the relationship between IPB and wargaming. The bottom line is that every soldier conducts IPB. Finally, the commander leads the IPB effort. A division staffs IPB can produce The description of the battlefield’s effects identifies constraints on potential friendly COAs and may reveal implied missions.
Characteristics of geography include general characteristics of the terrain and weather, as well as such factors as politics, civilian press, local population, and demographics. Given aemy the threat normally prefers to do, and the effects of the specific environment in which he is operating now, what are his likely objectives and the COAs available to him?
An armored company commander’s informal IPB produces little more than an appreciation of what the threat is most likely to do during their engagement. An area’s infrastructure consists of the facilities, equipment, and framework needed for the functioning of systems, cities, or regions.
Every commander and every member of the staff needs to understand and apply IPB during the staff planning process. Figure shows this wargaming. Such decisions can only be made within the context of a given situation. Therefore, staffs should ensure they use IPB, atmy, and intelligence synchronization as dynamic tools rather than as one-time events. Whenever possible, he plans and arranges direct dissemination of targeting intelligence from the collector to the targeting cell or appropriate tire support element FSE.
Both of these examples illustrate an informal application of IPB; that is, describe the effects of the battlefield and determine the threat’s COAs. Enemy capabilities and vulnerabilities identified during evaluation of the threat allow the commander and staff to make assumptions about the relative capabilities of the friendly command. They are to develop You conduct IPB prior to and qrmy the fmm initial planning for an operation, but you also continue to perform IPB during the conduct of the operation.
The remainder of the staff “fights” each potential friendly COA and notes where and when in its execution decisions are required to make the COA successful. Every commander and staff officer needs to think through the effects the environment has on both threat and friendly operations. Once approved by the commander, the specific intelligence required to fill gaps in the command’s knowledge of the battlefield environment and threat situation becomes the command’s initial intelligence requirements.
The results and products of IPB, conveyed in the intelligence estimate, are essential elements of the decision making process.
Both the event template and event matrix depict the times during which the activity is expected to occur. The intelligence estimate 34-13 the basis for the facts and assumptions of the decision making process, driving the other staff estimates and the remaining steps in the decision making process.
The products of IPB are the basis of the intelligence estimate. IPB plays a critical role in the decision making process.