Athanasius of Alexandria also called Athanasius the Great, Athanasius the Confessor or, He was known as Athanasius Contra Mundum (Latin for Athanasius Against the World). two earliest treatises Contra Gentes (Against the Heathens) and De Incarnatione (On the Incarnation), which were admittedly written about the. LibriVox recording of Contra Gentes, by Athanasius of Alexandria. Read by Jonathan Lange. Contra Gentes is the first of a two volume work. ATHANASIUS: CONTRA GENTES. TRANSLATION AND COMMENTARY CONTENTS OF THE ‘CONTRA GENTES’ Introduction (1). I. The origin of evil: man’s.

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Who that sees things of opposite nature combined, and in concordant harmony, as for example fire mingled with cold, and dry with wet, and that not in mutual conflict, but making up a single body, as it were homogeneous, can resist the inference that there is One external to these things that has united them?

The edict was communicated to the bishop by Pythicodorus Trico, who, though described in the “Chronicon Athanasianum” XXXV as a “philosopher”, seems to have behaved with brutal insolence.

For those to whom they are hostile, they treat as enemies and call men, admitting their real nature, while those who are popular with them they order to be worshipped on account of their virtueas though they had it in their own power to make gods, though they are themselves men, and do not profess to be other ggentes mortal.

For while their actions prove them to be men, the panegyrics upon them go beyond the nature of men. But this alone is peculiar to mankindand this is what is athanasuis in the soul of mankindby means of which it differs from the brutes, and shows that it is truly distinct from what is to be seen in the cohtra.

Gregory of Nazianzus — begins Or.

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For the purpose of wearing-down the orthodox bishops; Sulpitius Severius saysConstantius delayed his answer for several months, and finally prevailed on them to accept the Sirmian creed. Or if they do not deem these worthy of divine honourbut recognise that they are men, it were but consistent not to give even the name of gods to Athnasius, Hera, and the others, but to believe that they too have been human beings, conyra all the more so, inasmuch as they were not even respectable in their day; just as by the very fact of sculpturing their form in statues they show that they are nothing else but men.

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However, the council also was directed against those who denied the divinity of the Holy Spirit, the human soul of Christ, and Christ’s divinity. These include the so-called Athanasian creed which is today generally seen as being of 5th-century Galician originand a complete Expositions on the Psalms PG But neither can the one be included in the other, their nature being unmixed and unlike.


Athanasius of Alexandria

An edict had been put forth by Julian permitting the exiled bishops of the “Galileans” to return to their “towns and provinces”. He quietly withdrew from Alexandria, 5 October, and took up his abode in a country house outside the city.

For perhaps, as they say, even the names are fictitious, and, while no such being exists as Zeus, Cronos, or Ares, the poets feign their existence to deceive their hearers.

Constantius hereupon sent for him under a strict guard to Milan, where in a conference recorded by Theodore, he boldly told Constantius that Athanasius had been acquitted at Sardica, and his enemies proved calumniators see: Thus, he argues that a small number of bishops who supported Athanasius held a private consecration to make him bishop. For more free audio books or to become a volunteer reader, visit LibriVox.

Against the Heathen

Homoiousianformulary of faith. For if after the Cross all idolatry was overthrown, while every manifestation of demons is driven away by this Signand Christ alone is worshipped and the Father known through Him, and, while gainsayers are put to shame, He daily invisibly wins over the souls of these gainsayers — how, one might fairly ask them, is it still open to us to regard the matter as humaninstead of confessing that He Who ascended the Cross is Word of God and Saviour of the World?

Retrieved 14 July To clear up the misunderstandings that had arisen in the course of the previous years, an attempt was made to determine still further the significance of the Nicene formularies. The truth probably is, that the scandalous tales are truewhile the divine attributes ascribed to them are due to the flattery of the poets.

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On the contrary, they in their turn would have recognised this man as Saviour of the world, and that the Cross has been not a disaster, but a healing of Creation. For a father afflicted with untimely mourning when he has made an image of his child soon taken away, now honoured him as a god which was then a dead man, and delivered to those that were under him ceremonies and sacrifices. The news created the greatest consternation in the city of Alexandria itself, and the prefect, in order to prevent a serious outbreak, gave public assurance that the very special case of Athanasius would be laid before the emperor.

For when the mind of men does not hold converse with bodies, nor has mingled with it from without anything of their lustbut is wholly above them, dwelling with itself as it was made to begin with, then, transcending the things of sense and all things humanit is raised up on high; and seeing the Word, it sees in Him also the Father of the Word, taking pleasure in contemplating Him, and gaining renewal by its desire toward Him; 4. Cyril of Alexandria — in the first letter says: Or how could man, or any animal, have appeared upon earth, if the elements were mutually at strife, or if there were one that prevailed, and that one insufficient for the composition of bodies.


Forbes writes that when the Patriarch Alexander was on his death-bed he called Athanasius, who fled fearing he would be constrained to be made Bishop.

Translated into several languages, it became something of a best seller in its day and played an important role in the spreading of the ascetic ideal in Eastern and Western Christianity. He presented an Arian formula of faith for their acceptance.

Pope Julius I called a synod in Rome in to address the matter, which proclaimed Athanasius the rightful bishop of Alexandria. Or how again, the eye being naturally constituted to see and the ear to hear, do they turn from some objects and choose others? For if what is said in the poets is fictitious and false, even the nomenclature of Zeus, Cronos, Hera, Ares and the rest must be false. Meanwhile, the Eusebian party had gone to Philippopolis, where they issued an anathema against Athanasius and his supporters.

For if their mingling into one were not due to a higher authority, how could the heavy mingle and combine with the light, the wet with the dry, the round with the straight, fire with cold, or sea with earth, or the sun with the moon, or the stars with the heaven, and the air with the clouds, the nature of each being dissimilar to that of the other?

If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in. Or how genfes two principles exist, contrary one to another: For now the understanding of mankind leaped asunder from God ; and going lower in their ideas and imaginations, they gave the honour due to God first athznasius the gentfs and the sun and moon and the stars, thinking them to be not only gods, but also the causes of the other gods lower than themselves.

Each party sent a deputation to the Emperor to say there was no probability to agreement, and asked for the bishops to return to their dioceses. For there would be great strife among them, the one burning, the other giving cold; the heavy dragging downwards, the light in the contrary direction and upwards; the sun giving light while the air diffused darkness: Bishop or Patriarch, the highest ecclesial rank in the Centre of the Church, in Alexandria Alexander ordained Athanasius a deacon in For if He consists of parts, certainly it will follow that He is unlike Himself, and made up of unlike parts.

On the night of 8 Februarywhile engaged in services in the Church of St.

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