Traditionally assigned to Bharata, a legendary sage, Natya Shastra is one among the famous trio of India, the other two being Kautalya’s Artha. Natya was then taught by God Brahma to the mythic sage Bharata, who is said to have recorded this teaching in the Natyashastra. The origin of the book is thus. The Nātya Shastra (Nātyaśāstra नाट्य शास्त्र) of Bharata is the It is attributed to the muni (sage) Bharata and is believed to have been.

Author: Kizragore Tasar
Country: Albania
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Finance
Published (Last): 24 February 2007
Pages: 492
PDF File Size: 1.87 Mb
ePub File Size: 5.31 Mb
ISBN: 912-2-42752-935-7
Downloads: 7233
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Gujas

Their role in invoking emotions is emphasized; compositions emphasizing the notes gandhara or rishabha are said to be related to tragedy karuna rasaand rishabha is to be emphasized for evoking heroism vIra rasa. It is sahstra or hate at first sight. It has been suggested that Bharata is an acronym for the three syllables: A man-lion Sakari Viika.

The same is also the case with the aharya or the outer aspect of the acting, i. Credits New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards.

This article abides by terms of the Creative Commons CC-by-sa 3. Her Voice, Her Faith: Make-up, costumes and other paraphernalia, Bharata believes, help to communicate the play to the audience. The detailed Dhastra review and commentary of Abhinavagupta mentions older Sanskrit commentaries on the text, suggesting the text was widely studied and had been influential. Love the hero and hate the villain.

Bharata Muni – Wikipedia

Discover some of the most interesting and trending topics of This page was last edited on 2 December shastrq, at Several theatrical forms, kathakali among them, have various standard make-ups for different role types Sakari Viika. The text goes into specifics to explain the means available within dramatic arts to achieve its goals. Natua goal of performance arts, states Natyashastra is ultimately to let the spectator experience his own consciousness, then evaluate and feel the spiritual values innate in him, and rise to a higher level of consciousness.


Without these melodic intonations, states the text, a song becomes like “a night without the moon, a river without water, a creeper with a flower and a woman without an ornament”.

Natya Shastra of Bharata Muni Volume 1

Thus the eye and facial movements in general, with their ability to convey a mood, are able to give almost endlessly different meanings to the symbolic hand gestures. Timeline Chronology of Hindu texts.

Thus, when a dancer, with his or her hand movements, depicts, bhxrat example, the opening of a lotus flower, his or her eyes are able to give different emphases to the gesture. The need for such a form of expression appears to have been based on the fact that the early drama texts were in often in Sanskrit, which was understood only by the two higher casts, while the gesture language could be, at least in principle, comprehended by all.

Nataraja Tandava Rasa lila Lasya. Thank you for your feedback.

Johns Hopkins University Press. This page was last edited on 22 Novemberat Chapters 15 and 16 of the text discuss Sanskrit prosody in a manner similar to those found in more ancient Vedanga texts such as the Pingala Sutras.

While muuni in England had had to wait till Charles II came back to power and allow them to perform on the stage, it is really heartening to note that in our country female roles were performed by women in those hharat of yore. This article needs additional citations for verification. Thanks are owed to Bharata for giving importance to women to perform on a par with men. Performing the Divine in India.


The general approach of the text is treat entertainment as an effect, but not the primary goal of arts. The Natyashastra enshrines the male and female actors in any performance art to be the most important. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: Bharata refers to bhavas, the imitations of emotions that the actors perform, and the rasas emotional responses that they inspire batya the audience.

Voltaire, one of nata greatest of all French writers. Ancient Indian dance and music find their root in the Nattiyam.

Natya Shastra – New World Encyclopedia

Technology and the Transformation of Performance. According to Natyashastrastate Sally Banes and Andre Lepeck, drama is that art which accepts human beings are in different inner states when they arrive as audience, then through the art performed, it provides enjoyment to those wanting pleasure, solace to juni in grief, calmness to those who are worried, energy to those who are brave, courage to those who are cowards, eroticism to those who want company, enjoyment to those who are rich, knowledge to those who are uneducated, wisdom to those who are educated.

A large section deals with how the meanings conveyed by the performance bhavas can be particularly emphasized, leading to a broad theory of aesthetics rasas. The Square and the Circle of the Indian Arts.

You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered.

Author: admin