Scientific name, Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera. Taxonomy navigation. Up › Brassica oleracea. Down Terminal (leaf) node. Common name, Brussel sprouts. Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera. Botanical Name: Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera. Common Name(s): Brussels sprouts. Categories: Fruits and Vegetables. Brussels sprout (Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera) as its name suggests, originated in Belgium, probably near Brussels. Although Brussels sprouts were.
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Each stalk can produce 1.
One of these is the complex sugar raffinose which therefore passes unchanged from the small to the large intestine. Brassica oleracea is a plant species that includes many common foods as cultivarsincluding cabbagebroccolicauliflowerkaleBrussels sproutscollard greenssavoybrassivaand gai lan.
Sow every four weeks to prolong the harvest.
Through artificial selection for various phenotype traits, the emergence of variations of the plant with drastic differences in looks took only a few thousand years.
Consuming Brussels sprouts in excess may not be suitable for patients taking anticoagulantssuch as warfarinsince they contain vitamin K, a blood-clotting factor.
Retrieved from ” https: Brussels sprouts can be pickled as an alternative to cooking them. Planting Instructions Sow seeds from mid- to late summer in seed trays and transplant seedlings. A diet rich in cruciferous vegetables e. The Brussels Sprout is the true plant of Christmas!
Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera – Wikispecies
Archived from the original on September 13, Sugar Culham Research Group. The leafy green vegetables are typically 2. In Continental Europethe largest producers are the Netherlands, at 82, metric tons, and Germany, at 10, tons.
It gdmmifera rich in essential nutrients brasxica vitamin C. Sprouts are ready to be picked four to five months after transplanting. Brassica Raphanus Cruciferous Biochemistry genera list. Learn how your comment data is processed. Harvest Time Harvest sprouts they are about two inches in diameter. University of Illinois Extension Hort Answers. Preference for leaves, terminal bud, lateral bud, stem, and inflorescence resulted in selection of varieties of wild cabbage into the many forms known today.
This page was last edited on 25 Decemberat Forerunners to modern Brussels sprouts were probably cultivated in Ancient Rome.
The United Kingdom has production comparable to that of the Netherlands, but its crop is generally not exported. The historical genus of Cruciferameaning “cross-bearing” in reference to the four-petaled flowers, may be the only unifying feature beyond taste.
Views Read Edit View history. List of cabbage dishes. With the advent of agriculture and the domestication of wild crop plants, the people of the northern Mediterranean began cultivating wild cabbage.
Sprouts are considered to be sweetest after a frost.
Brussels sprout | Groninger | Brassica oleracea var. gemmifera
Brassica oleracea Plants described in View December 23, Interesting Info Brussels sprouts has a long growing season. University of Illinois Extension.
Fruits and Vegetables Description: You can start seeds indoor and transplant outdoors. Common Vaar and Diseases Caterpillars, and aphids on stressed plants that suffer from a lack of moisture and nutrients.
Brassica oleracea Edible plants Leaf vegetables History of Brussels Miniature versions of vegetables. This publication may be purchased at your local University of Illinois Extension Unit office, or by callingor by olefacea an order online search for “C”. Production of Brussels sprouts in the United States began in the 18th century, when French settlers brought them to Louisiana.
In addition, you’ll find detailed information about integrated pest management, pesticide safety, and pesticide application and calibration techniques. The harvest season lasts from June through January. According to the Triangle of U theory, B.
The cabbage has been around for millennia — earliest records of cultivated cabbages are to be gejmifera in the writings of ancient Greece and Rome and date from around BC, but in contrast, the sprout is a recent invention. The leaves are fleshier and thicker than other Brassica species—an adaptation that helps it store water and nutrients in its difficult growing environment. The plant requires well-drained, medium to heavy clay soils that have been well prepared with large quantities of general fertilizer, manure brasica compost.