The buccinator is a thin quadrilateral muscle occupying the interval between the maxilla and the mandible at the side of the face. It forms the anterior part of the. The buccinator mechanism was investigated by injecting alginate into the buccal space of volunteers and examining the set shape, and by dissection of. (b) The buccinator mechanism during activity. The oral screen is placed predentally and stimulates the sensory input by touching the intra-oral membranes (V).

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In mechnaism to the ultrasound crystals, the pressure transducers on the alveolar bone gave much higher readings during isometric tetany than during mastication in awake animals. In previous studies with these instruments 2829 we have noted that if the transducer is not absolutely flat against the bone and immobilized, the buccinato pressure is underestimated.

Weijs WA, Dantuma R. Enzyme-histochemical and morphological characteristics of muscle fibre types in the human buccinator and orbicularis oris. It forms the anterior part of the cheek or the lateral wall of the oral cavity. Decrowding during eruption under the screening influence of vestibular shields.

Because of this, and because working and balancing sides could not be distinguished in the sonometric files, chewing sides were combined for Table 1. Pressure changes were not quantified for food gathering cycles, but, like dimensional changes, were clearly smaller than during mastication Fig. A similar area from shows muscle fibers that appear attached to the gland capsule arrows.

Synonymik der anatomischen Nomenclatur.

The buccinator mechanism.

Salivary tissue S can be seen in the lower portion of the section. In the anterior portion of the muscle, near the oral commissure, the anteroposterior fibers interdigitated with the vertical fibers and orbicularis oris in a bccinator pattern.


Moreover, these two facial muscles were mostly out of phase. Depressor anguli oris Depressor labii inferioris Mentalis Transversus menti.

Buccinator muscle – Wikipedia

The animals were 3—4 months old at the beginning bucdinator the study. EMG of the buccinator and other oral muscles was recorded with fine-wire electrodes.

At the other end of the spectrum, the two kinds of nuts unshelled pistachios and shelled almonds were most often associated with the smallest muscle strains. Fine wire electrodes stars were placed in buccinator Borbicularis oris OOand digastric D muscles. The balancing side open arrows is active about ms before the working side solid arrowswhich presents higher amplitude and a shorter burst.

The very different technologies employed in measuring pressure in the human oral cavity have produced a wide variety of values, 101618 but available estimates for mastication are reasonably close to ours, 3.

However, neither buccinator deformation nor its effect on pressure has been demonstrated.

Buccinator muscle

A primary goal of this study was to establish bhccinator and how the buccinator thickens the cheek. Dissection was difficult, because fibers attached to the skin and blended with those of the orbicularis oris.

The different activity patterns of the buccinator and orbicularis oris clearly relate to their different roles during feeding in pigs. The dimensional changes observed during function indicate that when the buccinator contracts at the beginning of jaw closing, the primary change is an anteroposterior shortening, which further causes a retraction of the corner of the mouth and, most importantly, an increase in the thickness of the cheek.

Sonomicrometry crystals in the buccinator small ovals within dotted circles were placed anterior 1posterior bucvinatorsuperficial 3 and deep 4. EMG patterns were the same during the terminal experiment as those observed during the daily recording Fig. Cheek thickening early in the closing movement is the most likely physical mechanism by buccniator the bolus is manipulated from the buccal side.


The cheeks have been slit transversely and the tongue pulled forward. Views Read Edit View history. Buccinator contraction does thicken the cheek, and during mastication this activity takes place just as the closing stroke begins.

Christopher Marshall for access to his archived data on minipig buccinator EMG. Its purpose is to pull back the angle of the mouth and to flatten the cheek area, which aids in holding the cheek to the teeth during chewing. These elevated tetanic pressures corresponded to the contraction of the muscle and were sustained until the end of each tetanus Fig.

Muscles of the head. The Future of Orthodontics. During feeding activities with larger jaw movements, however, pressure variations were in phase with dimensional changes Fig. Electromyographic analysis of the buccinator muscle. However, accurate quantification of dimensions was only possible in SonoLab, where information on the side of chewing was absent. With the absence of movement during buccinator bccinator, this difficulty vanished, and the average value of 8.

As illustrated in Figure 5 right sideanteroposterior length buvcinator maximal in the opening phase of the masticatory cycle. Parasagittal sections through the buccinator muscle; rostral anterior is to the left.

Therefore, in order to better understand the function of the buccinator during mastication and the effects on the alveolar bone, we undertook a study using minipigs Sus scrofathe nonprimate animal model most appropriate for the study mechqnism human mastication.

Most ran anteroposteriorly, especially in the middle part of the muscle, but vertical and mediolateral fibers were also apparent Fig.

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