Cape Gelidonya formerly Kilidonia or Killidonia is a cape or headland on the Teke Peninsula in the chain of Taurus. The Cape Gelidonya Wreck: Preliminary Report*. GEORGE F. BASS. PLATES 83 Just off Cape Gelidonya, in southwest Turkey, is a row of five tiny islands. FOR PROMOTING USEFUL KNOWLEDGE. NEW SERIES-VOLUME 57, PART 8. CAPE GELIDONYA: A BRONZE AGE SHIPWRECK. GEORGE F. BASS.

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One one hand, early 20th-century underwater excavations at Artemision and Antikythera in Greece produced wonderfully preserved examples of original Greek Bronzes, or the Mahdia wreck of Tunisia loaded with marble columns, and were considered landmark projects in the fields of Art History. Finally, on the last day, they located the site caoe one of the small islands off the Cape.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Some professional archaeologists attempted excavations eglidonya these materials, but because they were not divers themselves they did not participate directly in the excavations. He would melt down the tools to make new ones, and add copper or tin from the ingots as needed. The mixture would start with the broken tools, and then be supplemented from the copper and tin ingots.

Cape Gelidonya

Retrieved from ” https: It was located inand the excavation began in by Peter ThrockmortonGeorge F. However, because Cousteau and the others were not professionally-trained archaeologists, their standards of mapping and excavations were not up to the same standards as terrestrial excavations.

The Cape Gelidonya shipwreck lies at the western side of the mouth of the Antalya Bay in southern Turkey.

The current between these islands, especially when a calm allows water backed up in the Eastern Mediterranean by the summer’s prevailing northwest wind to flow back westward, is as strong as any in the Mediterranean. Shiowreck is just coincidence: Set standards for excavation under water.

Several hundred broken tools were discovered, including axes, adzes, picks, hoes, shovels, etc.

Cape Gelidonya Shipwreck – Oxford Handbooks

Around bca vessel of unknown size seems to have ripped open its bottom on a pinnacle of rock on the northeast side of the third island from land. Recently, Odyssey Shipwrekc, a treasure hunting company out of Tampa, Florida shipwrsck received a lot of media attention due to their new television program, “Treasure Quest” on the Discovery Channel, and their recent discovery of HMS Victory. Inhe described it to American photojournalist Peter Throckmorton, who was living on Captain Kemal’s sponge-diving boat while both were writing about the sponge divers of Turkey and cataloging the ancient shipwrecks they showed him.


Shpwreck the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user sgipwreck print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice. By scaling the tenon found in comparison to the Uluburun tenons, one comes up with a figure of about 40ft. They returned in and completed the first archaeological excavation of an underwater shipwreck in its entirety.

Almost invisible, its metal cargo was nevertheless seen by Bodrum sponge diver Kemal Aras in gelidoya The underlying theme of this time though was the importance placed on rigorous methods, including the creation of detailed site maps and plotting the location of individual artifacts or clusters of artifacts in order to understand their relationship to each other, both in the horizontal sense distribution over a given area and the vertical sense distribution sgipwreck, which corresponds with age.

Don’t have an account? He had received word that a bronze statue of the Greek goddess Demeter was pulled up by fishing nets and left on the shipwwreck, but by the time he had arrived the statue was taken and would eventually find a home in the Museum of Izmirnorth of Bodrum. If you watch Treasure Quest, you will see how Odyssey’s employees claim to be carrying out legitimate archaeological excavations to the same exacting standards set by professional nautical archaeologists.

We know surprisingly little about certain specific details of ship construction during the Age of Exploration, and if treasure hunting companies continue to destroy these wrecks, we might never learn. He would probably shipwrec, ashore often and set up a make-shift fountry on the beach using sand, clay and stones.

Unfortunately for their investors, Odyssey Marine – a publicly-traded company – has been posting a loss for the last three years. The reality though is that these “billion dollar” claims are highly exaggerated. Bass believed the ship to be 30 – 35 ft in length.

Remember, as a professional archaeologist: He would return in under the flag of the Explorers’ Clubwith filmmaker Stan Waterman among others. Archaeologists recognized the plethora of archaeological material underwater, along coastlines, in lakes and in rivers. Treasure hunting companies often use extremely distructive methods to recover gold from wrecks which oftn destroy the very fragile remains of the ship’s structure. Back to Class Home The Gape Gelidonya excavation page on the Institute of Nautical Archaeology site is an excellent resource for summaries of the artifacts, techniques and project history.


These tools were used by the merchant captain of the vessel as scrap bronze. Archaeology essentially began after the Renaissance, when Europeans began rediscovering sshipwreck past, especially the Classical civilizations of Greece and Rome.

Cape Gelidonya and the capee beginnings of Nautical Archaeology. These ingots were poured into moulds in wet sand. Chelidonium promontorium [1]formerly Kilidonia or Killidonia is a cape or headland on the Teke Peninsula in the chain of Taurus Mountainslocated on the southern coast of Anatolia between the Gulf of Antalya and the Bay of Finike.

Throckmorton came to know Captain Kemal of the Mandlincia sponge fishing boat. Unless you leave a portion of the site unexcavated, the material you dig up can never be looked at again in its original context.

Currents were very strong, increasing the risk of gelifonya the air hose – which was simply a garden hose adapted for the purpose. Sign in via your Institution. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The area around Cape Gelidonya is extremely treacherous and was known in ancient times as being especially dangerous.

This pegging replaces the lashing seen on the Khufu ship. As it sank, artifacts were strewn from the opening in its hull until it settled around fifty meters away. Sign in with your library card.

Odyssey Marine claims that they value and follow rigorous archaeological standards in their excavations. Unlike the mortise and tenon joints in the Khufu ship, these tenons are pegged in place, which locks them into the mortise and prevents the planks from pulling apart at the seams.

The ship was ggelidonya carrying many baskets full of broken bronze tools, several of which had Cypriote signs scratched on them. Odyssey keeps their find locations secret.

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