The Capitation Grant has been introduced in Ghana in by the former NPP Government. It was introduced with the intention of facilitating the achievement of . fees abolition policy, the Capitation Grant (CG), to spur the attainment of universal access to the basic education goal under the Ghana Growth. Report by the National Development Planning Commission (NDPC) in Accra on Ms Hague said the Citizens’ Assessment of Ghana’s Capitation Grant .
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A sample of 15 basic schools consisting of primary and JHS were purposely and randomly selected for this study. Be the first to start a new thread.
Post a new thread. One of such challenge is the provision of more infrastructures for basic schools.
Effects of Capitation Grant on Education Outcomes in Ghana | Global Development Network
It would seem logical that politicians and educators have come to accept this fact. Please try a current version of IE or Firefox. The disparity increased significantly between and at a rate of 4.
Lack of attention in addressing this problem constitutes another policy challenge in terms of educational planning. Gtant open-ended responses, the researchers gathered from respondents that the introduction of the capitation grant was being faced with the following problems:.
Threads for this page. Nevertheless, most African countries have started devoting substantial proportion of their incomes as well as their foreign aid to the education sector.
This meant children of school-going age who were not in school took advantage of the introduction of the scheme to go to school.
Action Secondary Technical School. On the other hand, Some authorities have argued that the introduction of the policy in Ghana has contributed in getting more children in schools. This was intended to give all teachers the opportunity to be selected. The scheme, which started with some pilot districts, now has been extended to embrace all public basic schools in the country with effect from September, Cognisant of the importance of education to national development, various governments have contributed to the advancement of the educational system in Ghana.
1. Background and Context
Capitation grant, Education delivery, Basic school, Policy, Scheme. ICT in Ghana schools. The secondary data were situated in the background and literature whereas the primary data constituted vhana from participants in Ga West Municipality. High enrolment of students has also resulted in inadequate provision of teaching and learning materials.
This data confirms the literature see Figure 3 that once the Capitation Grant was introduced and there was no yrant increase in accommodation, the classroom situation was obviously going to be poor, owing to congestion. It was therefore not surprising that majority of the participants saw an improvement in the provision of teaching and learning materials.
Effects of Capitation Grant on Education Outcomes in Ghana
Purposive, stratified and simple random sampling techniques were used to select participants, while questionnaire and documentary sources were used as instruments to gather information which was summarized statistically in percentages and analysed in themes.
When asked to suggest ways of improving the scheme, the following suggestions from open-ended questions were given by the respondents:. Gross enrolment for grznt education reached The Pupil-teacher ratio PTR in basic schools as reported in Education Management Information Service EMIS shows a slight increase from an average of 27 pupils to a teacher in the period before the capitation grant to about 28 pupils to a teacher in the period after the introduction of the capitation grant Despite the increase in enrolment, some children were still out of school.
As part of the implementation of the programme, boarding students are being given three square meals, whilst day students enjoy one hot meal each day. Similarly, parents considered the Capitation Grant to relieve them of fees and other expenses they incur.
Although the data is impressive at the national level, the extent to which the grant has specifically influenced enrolment in the Ga West Municipality is not ascertained. As shown in Figure 1, enrolment decreased from 3. The data lend support to the argument made by the Ghana National Education Campaign Coalition in that the improvement in the quality of basic education depends on pupil-textbook ratio. The implication of this is that not all girls completing primary school enter into JHS.
In fulfillment of its promise to make basic education free and accessible to all, government has announced plans to increase capitation grant from GHC 9. From the data collected, about The introduction of the Capitation Grant is rooted in the Constitution of the Republic of Ghana, which made provision for a policy on free education to be implemented within two years of its coming into force.
The experience of high enrolment, generates a problem by which classrooms can hardly accommodate captiation large number of intake of pupils.
The prevailing argument is that, capktation spite of the efforts and provisions made by various governments in ensuring accessible and free compulsory basic education in the country, including the introduction of the Capitation Grant, there are still some Ghanaians who are either semi-literate or illiterate and children of school-going age who are not in school Dzamboe, Teaching and learning materials play important roles in classroom interaction.
This is significantly higher than the rate of increase before the introduction of caiptation capitation grant scheme which was only 6.
It can fairly be argued as per the data in Figures 6 and 7 that enrolment rates for boys and girls in basic school increased up to but decreased in