Chlorobenzene. MSDS# Section 1 – Chemical Product and Company Identification. MSDS. Name: Chlorobenzene. Catalog. Numbers: AC CAS #. Chemical name. Concentration (% by weight). Common name and synonyms. Monochlorobenzene. Chlorobenzene. Chlorobenzene for synthesis. CAS , chemical formula C₆H₅Cl. – Find MSDS or SDS, a COA, data sheets and more information.
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Upon entering the body, typically via contaminated air, chlorobenzene is excreted both via the lungs and the urinary system.
LD 50 median dose. Halogenated solvents Hazardous air pollutants Chloroarenes Aromatic solvents Phenyl compounds.
Humans may be exposed to this agent via breathing contaminated air primarily via occupational exposureconsuming contaminated food or water, or by coming into contact with contaminated soil typically near hazardous waste sites. The catalyst enhances the electrophilicity of the chlorine.
It was first described in Industrially the reaction is conducted as a continuous process to minimize the formation of dichlorobenzenes. LC Lo lowest published.
Chlorobenzene | C6H5Cl – PubChem
Systematic and Applied Microbiology. Chlorobenzene can be produced by from aniline via benzenediazonium chloridethe route being known as the Sandmeyer reaction. This colorless, flammable liquid is a common solvent and a widely used intermediate in the msrs of other chemicals.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Chlorobenzene can persist in soil for several months, in air chlorobnzene about 3. The major use of chlorobenzene is as an intermediate in the production of commodities such as herbicides, dyestuffs, and rubber. Retrieved from ” https: This page was last edited on 15 Novemberat Chlorobenzene exhibits “low to moderate” toxicity as indicated by its LD 50 of 2. Journal of Geophysical Research: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.
Ksds, because mscs has only been found at 97 out of 1, NPL hazardous waste sites, it is not considered a widespread environmental contaminant. These mononitrochlorobenzenes are converted to related 2-nitrophenol2-nitroanisole, bis 2-nitrophenyl disulfide, and 2-nitroaniline by nucleophilic displacement of the chloride, with respectively sodium hydroxidesodium methoxidesodium disulfide, and ammonia.
Chlorobenzene once was used in the manufacture of certain pesticidesmost notably DDTby reaction with chloral trichloroacetaldehydebut this application has declined with the diminished use of DDT.
Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. Lethal dose or concentration LDLC:. At one time, chlorobenzene was the main precursor for the manufacture of phenol: The heating would have triggered a reaction of chloribenzene in the Martian soil, which is known to contain perchlorate. Chlorobenzene is manufactured by chlorination of benzene in the presence of a catalytic amount of Lewis acid chlorboenzene as ferric chloridesulfur dichlorideand anhydrous aluminium chloride: The bacterium Rhodococcus phenolicus degrades chlorobenzene as sole carbon sources.
Chlorobenzene – Wikipedia
Chlorobenzdne conversions of the 4-nitro derivative are similar. Because chlorine is electronegative, C 6 H 5 Cl exhibits somewhat decreased susceptibility to further chlorination.
Chlorobenzene is also used as a high-boiling solvent in many industrial applications as well as in the laboratory. Inthe SAM science team announced that the Curiosity rover reported evidence of higher concentrations of chlorobenzene in a sedimentary rock, named ” Cumberland “, on Mars.