About the Classification Download. Classification for Kingdom Plantae Down to Class Liliopsida. Click on names to expand them, and on P for PLANTS profiles. The Class Liliopsida constitutes the monocotyledonous angiosperms and includes some of the largest plant families such as the orchids with some 20, . CLASS LILIOPSIDA (Batsch ) The Liliopsida (also called the monocots) range from tiny floating plants to common herbs and epiphytes.
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Grasses have fibrous roots and three kinds clasxe stems: Magnoliophyta II The Class Liliopsida constitutes the monocotyledonous angiosperms and includes some of the largest plant families such as the orchids with some 20, species and the grasses with perhaps 15, species. This page was last edited on 30 Augustat It is considered synonymous or nearly synonymous with the name monocotyledon. A stolon is a stem that creeps across the surface of the ground, and is really a basal branch of the culm that will develop roots and shoots from some or all of its nodes.
The portion lipiopsida the stem between the nodes is called the internodeand is usually hollow in temperate zone grasses and solid in tropical grasses Rotar, In liiliopsida species, the sheath extends beyond the next node, so that consecutive leaf sheaths overlap, hiding the nodes.
Cyperaceae; Gramineae; Bromeliaceae; and Zingiberaceae. In other languages Add links. Thus, grasses with extensive rhizome development will form a turf rather than distinct tufts or bunches.
Quantitave studies of inter-relationships amongst the Liliatae. Views Read Edit View history. The liliopsids are considered to form liliopsiea monophyletic group evolved from an early dicot. C Jeffrey, li,iopsida Flowering plants: Arecidaesubclass Arecidae – one of four subclasses or superorder of Monocotyledones; comprises about species in 5 families of trees and shrubs and terrestrial herbs and a few free-floating aquatics including: Alismales Alismatidae Angiospermae Anthophyta Arecidae class Angiospermae class Monocotyledonae class Monocotyledones Commelinidae division Anthophyta division Magnoliophyta endogen Liliidae liliopsid liliopsid genus Liliopsida Magnoliophyta monocot monocot genus.
The second largest to Orchidaceae and one of the most successful of families of monocotyledons is the grass family, classified as the Family Poaceae or Gramineae and comprising nearly 10, species distributed more widely than any other angiosperm family. Saffron is classified into Magnoliophyta division, class Liliopsida and order Asparagales. This page was last edited on 13 Februaryat With but a few exceptions, the green leaves arise at nodes alternately up the culm.
This may be a flap of membranous tissue or simply a fringe of hairs, an inconspicuous rim, or even absent all together, marked only by dark tissue. From Wikibooks, open books for an open world.
Therefore, these plants have had no cause to evolve floral structures that are attractive to insect or other animal pollinators. The leaves are attached at the nodes and if the stem is not simple but branched, branches arise only at nodes.
Evolutionary trends in flowering plants. This family is also the most important economically, providing species that are the world’s staple food supply.
Monocotyledoneae in the de Candolle system and the Engler system. Origin and dispersalEdinburgh: Therefore, in practice the name Liliopsida will almost surely refer to the usage as in the Cronquist system. Systems such as the Dahlgren and Thorne systems more recent than the Takhtajan and Cronquist systems refer to this group by the name Liliidae a name in the rank of subclass. AngiospermaeAnthophytaclass Angiospermaedivision Anthophytadivision MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta – comprising flowering plants that produce seeds enclosed in an ovary; in some systems considered a class Angiospermae and in others a division Magnoliophyta or Anthophyta.
Kubitzki, Klaused. Like a rhizome, a stolon results in a spreading or turf forming grass plant.
Roots may also develop from a node where the node comes into contact with the ground as in decumbent and prostrate stems. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Retrieved from ” https: Liliaceae Monocots Plant classes. The Takhtajan system used this internal taxonomy:. Smaller units of the inflorescence are called spikelets and these are arranged on one or more branches in a wide variety of different ways to which the standard terminology for inflorescences can be applied, but using the spikelet instead of the individual flower. The grasses have reduced floral structures compared with lilio;sida angiosperms for the reason that grasses are almost exclusively pollinated liliopsuda wind.
Although true secondary growth is absent, most growth habits are found in the group including floating and submerged aquatics, lianas, trees, epiphytes, and forbs of all sizes Hahn, This name is formed by replacing the termination -aceae in the name Liliaceae by the termination classf Art 16 of the ICBN.
Liliopsida – Wikipedia
Grasses display two types of leaves: These vegetative leaves typically surround the culm as a sheaththen diverge outward at the “collar” as a long narrow blade with longitudinal parallel venation. The longitudinal edges of the sheath may overlap, completely surrounding the culm, or the sheath may be tubular the margins connate. Of the Plantae kingdom, class Liliopsidaorder Poales, and family Poaceae, there is a marvelous flora that holds great potential for new and green technologies USDA, Grasses [ edit ].