Hattox, Ralph S. Coffee and Coffeehouses: The Origins of a Social Beverage in the Medieval Near East. Seattle and London: University of Washington Press. Coffee and Coffeehouses has 70 ratings and 11 reviews. J.M. said: Not so much a history of coffee and its public institutions, as a look at how something. Coffee and Coffeehouses: The Origins of a Social Beverage in the Medieval Near East. Front Cover. Ralph S Hattox. University of Washington Press,

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As a lawyer and a religious person who observes some dietary restrictions, I find it really interesting to see how the faithful strive to apply their existing laws to new circumstances. Nor was this economic importance only a consideration of the The Rise of the Coffeehouse 73 later centuries. In contrast, a food that is cold and moist was believed merely to coffeehouse the condition.

Coffee and Coffeehouses / Ralph S. Hattox | STC – Specialty Turkish Coffee

The use of various sorts of drugs as inducements to holy rapture was not unknown. Httox should remember that a fatwah is not a formal edict of the state.

In the past century, such strolling vendors of coffee but not of other hatox requiring less elaborate preparation have virtually disappeared. The form these new establishments took, their physical arrangement, was in great part determined by that of the already existing places after which they were patterned, 80 The Rise of the Coffeehouse or on the actual premises of which they had been built.

In common use the word qahwa came to be applied to the beverage made of the fruit of the coffea arahica.

Coffee and Coffeehouses by Ralph S. Hattox

The word qahwa is sometimes modified to specify what sort of beverage we are speaking of, since it could be made from either the husks alone al- qahwa al-qishriyafrom the kernels al- qahwa al- bunniyaor from a combination of the two, but it is restricted to those things made from the fruit of the coffee plant. In many places blood as well as words flowed — there were persecutions in Istanbul, pro- and anti- coffee riots in Cairo, and recurring raids on coffeehouses and seizures of ajd made in the name of public moral- ity, sometimes by the highest circles of government, but more coffeeuouses at the initiative of minor officials, generally for reasons known best to themselves.


If you draw the analogy between coffee and intoxicants you are draw- ing a false one, since it has been made clear to you how it is quite the opposite in nature and effect. Since, from the first, the opposition to coffee came from both the secular authorities and religious quarters — official and nonofficial — can we trace some common underlying principle to explain what was happening? Beans could be, and were, consumed everywhere.

Had they merely dumped sacks of coffee in the marketplaces of the larger cities, demand would prob- ably have been very sluggish indeed.

Islamic scholars, as much as any drinke This is a fascinating book on the rise of coffee in the Middle East and its public acceptance and consumption, as reflected in the parallel emergence of coffee houses, that comes with an interesting twist.

There is, however, corroborative evidence from JazIrT that at times coffee was prepared, or at least stored, in large vessels: To do this, however, we first must have a firm understanding of the regulations concerning wine, and the principles that govern the legal status of other beverages.

The official report of the events in Mecca in gives the first allusion to the presence of a place for consuming coffee where people gather for social ends as well as refreshment. Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide.

Return to Book Page. As long as we ap- proach these works with more than even the usual caution, they can be particularly valuable. Sep 13, Mary Catelli rated it really liked it Shelves: From all indications the coffeehouse, like coffee, must be considered an institution of Arab origin. The moral question had nothing to do with what one drank in the coffeehouse. Thanks for telling us about the problem. The Risala ft ahkam al- qahwa has a curious passage from which it is clear that medical arguments focused on coffee, 41 although at the time, the chewing of coffee beans was still a fairly routine practice.

We find an inherent suspi- cion and, considering their always vulnerable position, a natural and healthy one on the part of the civil author- ities concerning the role of coffee and the coffeehouse in encouraging extended social intercourse. Medical opinion on coffee as we have it from Muslim sources, then, is at best or worst mixed. Sarah rated it liked it Mar 03, To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above.


The heart and guts are so weakened that the drinker suffers delusions, and the body receives such a shock that it is as though it were bewitched. Courtesy of the Library of Congress, Division of Rare Books Plate 6 This Turkish miniature from the mid-sixteenth century de- picts, in a compressed space, a wide range of the activi- ties common to the coffeehouse.

Coffee and Coffeehouses / Ralph S. Hattox

Sometime after the beverage, or even just its reputation, initially reached an area through the agency of Sufi connections, it must have been realized, by those more concerned with profit than piety, that this might be a lucrative undertaking. True, one does have the answer to the question, but very little concerning the process of arriving at that answer. Khamrthey claim, is derived from the verbal form khamara to seize, grasp, overwhelmand is properly applied to anything that seizes or overwhelms the mind md khamara al-‘aglthat is, all intoxicants.

Yet their efforts to ban coffee as an intoxicating beverage ultimately failed, as it soon became a common part of Muslim life. Or were they harmless after all? None of the sources makes any men- tion of special considerations concerning the water used. As is obvious from these pictures, however, within a few decades of being introduced to coffee, Europeans were designing new types of vessels to prepare the drink, and eventually developed new methods as well.

Busbecq was undoubtedly a diplomat of consider- able skill, but one cannot help but get the impression that he was a bit of a prig as well. Though a le- gal scholar, he also seems to have had strong connec- tions in Sufi circles, and was close to many of the mys- tical luminaries of his day.

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