Conrad Gesner’s Historiae Animalium (Zürich, ). Conrad Gesner’s Historiae Animalium (Studies on Animals) is considered to be the first modern. For Gessner’s Historia animalium, I have particularly benefitted from the insights in Laurent Pinon, ‘Conrad Gessner and the Historical Depth of. Renaissance. Library has v. only. Library’s v. 1 has hand-colored ill. prepared as a presentation copy for Gesner who has signed the title page inscription.

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The book has five volumes in total; the first voulme on four-footed beasts, the second volume on egg-laying quadrupeds, the third volume on birds, the fourth on aquatic animals, and the last volume that was published after Gesner death on serpents.

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In his larger works Gessner sought to distinguish fact from myth and popular misconceptions, [4] and so his encyclopedic work included both extinct creatures and newly discovered animals of the East Indiesthose of the far north and animals brought back from the New Geaner.

Retrieved from ” https: Conrad Gessner’s ‘Historia animalium’: Born in Zurich, Switzerland,Conrad Gesner was not a son of a wealthy family. Gessner’s work included facts in different languages such as the names of the animals.

Historiae Animalium | ODD SALON

It was more than 4, pages long, divided into four volumes covering, respectively, four-footed animals, amphibians, birds, and fishes and other aquatic animals. Born in Zurich, linguist, naturalist, and botanist Conrad Gesner spelled variously in different locations and publications, often Konrad Gesner or Conrad Gessner dedicated his time to amassing an enormous historlae and collecting information on the natural world.

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The Historia animalium was Gessner’s magnum opusand was the most widely read of all the Renaissance natural histories. Natural History in Renaissance Europe. Gmelig-Nijboer, Caroline Aleid Daston, Lorraine ; et al.

Essays in Interpretation. The five volumes of natural history of animals cover more than pages.

Historiae Animalium

After his study of nature and medicine, and after collected books and botanical, zoological specimens, he studied and investigated nature and science. Library Company of Phil, Steven A Celebration of Philadelphia Libraries: Sections of each chapter detailed the animal and its attributes, in the tradition of the emblem book.

Gesner was a special child, extremely gifted in learning classical languages. His study of classical laugnage continued more than 10 years until he started studying medicine during his free time, day and night.

When he died of the plague inhe left behind mountains of specimens and unfinished works. Under Pope Paul IV it was felt that the religious convictions of an author contaminated all his writings, [9] and as Gessner was a Protestantit was added to the Catholic Church’s list of prohibited books. Huxley, Robert; et al. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The rest – the first volume to the fourth volume – were all published during Gesner’s lifetime, between and It also included their uses in medicine and nutrition.

Conrad Gessner’s “Historia Animalium”: Gessner acknowledges one of his main illustrators was Lucas Schan[8] an artist from Strasbourg. Historia animalium libri I-IV. It is compiled from ancient and medieval texts, including the inherited knowledge of ancient naturalists like AristotlePliny the Elder[1] and Aelian. University of Chicago Press. Although monsters are not all not confined to Book IV, the fourth book dedicated to creatures of the sea includes many wonderful scenes of sea serpents and terrifying whale monsters attacking ships and sailors, including one of the most famous images from this work is his woodcut of the Great Orm, a Scandinavian sea monster most likely copied from the Carta Marina of Olaus Magnus.


Gesner’s purpose was to present as much information and knowledge as possible in the book so that it could function as an encylopedia that people would look up to consult, instead of being something that would be read from the beginning to the end.

Historia animalium (Gessner) – Wikipedia

It included Biblical and classical sources, referenced both Pliny and Physiologus, as well as folklore and earlier bestiaries. Views Read Edit View history. Finally, Gesner attended university of Montpellier where he studied medicine, where he was able to graduate only a few months later.

The Cambridge History of Renaissance Philosophy.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Historiae Animalium. Historiae Animalium was his masterwork, published between and Collection of scanned pages from volumes of Historaie Naturaiumsome colorized — National Library of Medicine. Gesner was, instead, raised by his great-uncle because of economic hardship of his own aimalium, which, however, might have brought up his interest in natural study, as his great-uncle Frick was passionate about botany.

The work included extensive information on mammalsbirdsfishand reptiles. It described in detail their daily habits and movements. The Historia animalium is the first modern zoological work that attempts to describe all the animals known, and the first bibliography of natural history writings.

Wonders and the Order of Nature, The Meaning of Fossils. Jardine, Gedner et al. The history of four-footed beasts and serpents and insects.

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