Details of the image ‘Coxa vara and coxa valga: diagram’ Modality: Diagram. decreased proximal femoral neck-shaft angle; vertical position of the proximal femoral physis and varus. pathomechanics. coxa vara and. Normal adult value is degrees. A decrease in the. Alsberg’s angle is Coxa vara. Fig 2:Alsbergs Angle and Angle of Inclination of femur. Spencer, p

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. One example of coxa vara with hip dysplasia is in Congenital Femoral Deficiency Femoral deformities can also arise after treatment of hip dysplasia. These deformities occur when the angle formed by the head of the femur and the shaft of the femur is abnormal.

Clinically, the condition presents vwlga as an abnormal, but painless gait pattern.

To avoid this, we will transfer the greater trochanter at the same time as the osteotomy. The approach is really two osteotomies: It is caused by a slipped epiphysis of the femoral head.

What are coxa valga and coxa vara?

The shaft of the femur is not moved laterally, however, a major difference with the Morscher osteotomy. X-rays provide most of the information needed for diagnosis. Each of these approaches has the same underlying goal: When refering to evidence in academic writing, you should always try to reference the primary original source.

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Example of normal proximal femoral angles. The internal nail is then applied and locked into place.

Deformity of the hip joint may be due to femoral deformity and acetabular dysplasia. At the Paley Institute, our approach is to normalize the anatomy and muscle forces while preserving the original anatomic structures. The content on or accessible through Physiopedia is for informational purposes only.

Femoral deformity can be secondary to acetabular dysplasia and vice versa. Valgus angles greater than degrees put the patient at risk of hip subluxation dislocation.

Next, a greater trochanteric osteotomy is performed to at the same angle and shifted distally downward and laterally to the outside. The most serious ones with high and long term morbidity being osteonecrosis and coxa vara. A previous pelvic osteotomy had been performed B – Ganz relative neck lengthening and trochanteric transfer Intra-Articular Deformities Intra-articular deformities of the hip are deformities of the femoral head at its connection to the femoral neck.

The effect is to lengthen the femoral neck. Cubitus valgus Cubitus varus.

File:Coxa-valga-norma-varapng – Wikimedia Commons

Coxa valga leads to acetabular dysplasia. Magnetic resonance imaging MRI can be used to illustrate the soft tissues and assess impingement. It’s an intricate system affected by your metabolism, nutrition, medications, wear-and-tear and medi There are three approaches to correction of trochanteric overgrowth, each with separate indications:.


Treatment involves a pelvic osteotomy combined with varus osteotomy at the upper femur. The Ganz osteotomy is combined with a capsulotomy and a safe-surgical dislocation of the hip.

A – Bilateral severe hip dysplasia with elliptical femoral head on right side B – Wagner-type valgus osteotomy performed as well as periacetabular osteotomy PAO of the pelvis. Contents Editors Categories Share Cite.

The greater trochanter is lateralized, increasing abductor lever arm. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Congenital coxa vara results in a decrease in metaphyseal bone as a result of abnormal maturation and ossification of proximal femoral chondrocyte. This example demonstrates that hip dysplasia can be corrected with osteotomy of the femur and not a pelvic osteotomy.

Physiopedia articles are best used to find the varq sources of information see the references list at the bottom of the article.

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