BOTANIC DESCRIPTION. Dacryodes edulis is a medium-sized, evergreen tree attaining a height of. m in the forest but not exceeding 12 m in plantations. Abstract Dacryodes edulis is a dioecious, shade loving, evergreen tree, indigenous to the Gulf of Guinea and widely cultivated in other tropical parts of Africa for. PDF | Dacroydes edulis is a plant with many trado-therapeutic seeds are used traditionally as a remedy for stomach problems like.
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You can translate the content of this page by selecting a language in the select box. Inflorescence an axillary panicle up to 40 cm long, with cymose ramifications, ferruginous-tomentose, with flowers often in clusters of 3 surrounded by bracts; often entire shoot tips becoming floriferous with reduced leaves, giving the impression of a terminal inflorescence.
When left standing the oil separates into a semi-solid lower layer and a liquid upper one.
The bark resin also finds application in the food and cosmetic industries as thickener, flavour, stabilizers and as and as an emulsifying agent Ekpa, Fruiting tree Photograph by: Inflorescence axis is cm long or may be longer and deeply grooved. Bush butter tree has long been used in traditional medicine to treat wounds, skin ailments, fever, ear trouble, tonsillitis, and dysentery among other conditions. The fruit is the most important part to which the tree owes its eudlis economic values and for which the tree is widely cultivated, domesticated and commercialized Leakey, ; Leakey et al.
This taxon has not yet been assessed.
Usually, the tree has whorled branching and the branchlets are stout and ascending. Fruits are ellipsoid drupe and vary in size, x cm, resembling olives.
The bark is aromatic and on injury yields a resin[ 46]. This is used in various ways – in perfumery; as an adhesive for mending broken earthenware; as a waterproofing the inner surface of calabashes; it can also be burnt as a primitive lamp-oil or bush-candle[ ]. The leaves are dacryodew crushed and the juice released to treat generalized skin diseases such as scabies, ringworm, rash and wound, while the stem or stem twigs are employed as chewing sticks for oral hygiene Igoli et al.
It is also rich in essential amino acids such as LysinePhenylalanine, Leucine, Isoleucine. It is somewhat difficult to work due to the presence of silica, rapidly blunting tools during sawing; planing may be problematic due to the interlocked grain; staining, polishing and gluing properties are good, it can be peeled satisfactorily. The edible fruit to which the plant owes its principal values is a rich source of nutrients such as lipids, vitamins and protein.
Year ISBN Description The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc. Publisher Weinheim Year ISBN – Description An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the plants.
Trading on genetic variation – fruits of Dacryodes edulis. The decoction of the bark is taken orally to treat leprosy.
Dacryodes edulis ()
A steam bath dacruodes also be taken from the decoction to treat the same ailment Diafouka, Dacryodes edulis is a dioecious shade loving species of non-flooded forests in the humid tropical zone.
However, the marketed volume of safou fruits increased to 2, tons at a value of USD 1.
Comparative pharmacognostic and antimicrobial studies on leaves of two varieties of Heinsia crinita. The fruit pulp is thin, about QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone smartphone cameras. A wide range of chemical constituents such as terpenes, flavonoids, tannins, alkaloids and saponins have been isolated from the plant. Lost Crops of Africa. Dacryodes edulis 1, base of bole; 2, leaf; 3, leaflet; 4, inflorescence; 5, male flower in longitudinal section; 6, fruit; 7, endocarp; 8, seed Redrawn and adapted by W.
Revue Francaise des Crops Gras, Trees can be male, female, or hermaphrodite[ ]. The plant’s canopy can allow its integration into the traditional farming systems involving food crops, mainly shade tolerant species such as Xanthosoma saggittifolium, Colocosia esculenta etc[ ].
Views Read Edit View history. Citation in news articles. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture The biodiversity of African plants. The fatty acids palmiticoleicsteariclinolenic and linoleic acids and triglycerides compositions of oils of both cultivars were similar although cultivar 1 was richer in palmitolino-olein Uses, management and economic potentials of Dacryodes edulis Burseraceae in the humid lowlands of cameroon.
It has a mild smell of turpentine and is oily with palmitic acid Sepals and petals are 3, the former showing brown colour and the latter, cream colour.
A common preservation method is to remove the seed from the fruit, boil the pulp and dry it in the sun. Economic Botany 53 3: In Africa, about 20 species have been found, all of section Pachylobus ; Gabon seems richest with edlis 10 species.
An oil suitable for cosmetics and food can be edulia from the fruit, but this is not yet done commercially. It can grow in semi-shade light woodland or no shade. The variability of the species has led to selection and cloning of superior trees for collections Gabon, Cameroon and for use as mother trees for propagation by air layers Congo.
The fruit contains about 1. Antidrepanocytary activity anti-sickle cell anemia: