Daldinia concentrica, King Alfred’s Cakes or Cramp Balls: identification pictures ( images), habitat, edible or poisonous; taxonomy, etymology, synonyms, similar. Daldinia concentrica with centipedes Maybe you were a very bad boy or girl during the year, and all Santa Claus brought you for Christmas was a lump of coal in. King Alfred’s Cakes, Daldinia concentrica, also known as Cramp Balls. This distinctive fungus grows on Ash trees.
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Also known as Cramp balls. Articles lacking in-text citations from January Dladinia articles lacking in-text citations Articles with ‘species’ microformats Commons category link from Wikidata. Rodents of Unusual Size communitycoypudocumentaryecosystemenvironmentfilmmakerfilmmakinginvasiveinvasive speciesrodentsUSAWetlandswildlife Monday 24 September Wildscreen With – Tom Hooker: Timber infected by this fungus develops a white concenttica known as ‘calico wood’ 4.
This species occurs throughout the year 3. During spring 2it can be found covered in a layer of sooty black spores ; these are released at night and can travel up to 2 cm away from the fruit body from which they were discharged.
You might break your teeth if you tried. Many types of insects and other small animals make their home inside this species of fungus.
These are the openings of ascospore-forming structures called perithecia located just below the surface. Harper Collins Publishers, London.
It is also believed by some authorities that the alder wood wasp is involved in the dispersal of spores. Many types of insects and dqldinia small animals make their home inside this species of fungus.
Concentrica refers to the concentrically zoned interior.
King Alfred’s Cakes, Daldinia concentrica
All material and data on this webpage www. Arora states that the common name “crampball” refers to the “old folk belief that carrying one around under your armpits would cure cramps! Never pick and eat any species of fungus dalsinia you cannot positively recognise or are unsure about.
The pimple-dotted surface of a mature Daldinia concentrica.
Note the concentric zonation of the cut open specimens in the foreground. These concentric zones are not “growth rings. Some common names for this fungus are the coal fungus, carbon balls, cramp balls, or King Alfred’s cakes.
As with other fungi the light spores are distributed globally and the fungi develop wherever conditions are suitable – it lives on dead and decaying wood, and is a common, widespread saprotroph. Retrieved from ” https: The flesh is purple-brownish in colour 4and dark concentric rings are visible when the fungus is cut open 3. Embed this Arkive thumbnail link “portlet” by copying and pasting the code below.
King Alfred’s cakes conservation Conservation action has not been targeted at this species. More info on Wikipedia.
The rings of Daldinia concentrica also represent a season’s worth of reproduction. Within the perithecia are the cylindrical asci, in which the meiotically-produced ascospores are borne. This fungus resembles a black ball made of Carbon or coal attached to trunks of trees.
The inedible fungus Daldinia concentrica is known by several common names, including King Alfred’s cakecramp ballsand coal fungus. More information at TomVolkFungi. King Alfred’s cakes status Widespread 3. Holly-leaved naiad Najas marina. Views Read Edit View history. This environment and biodiversity awareness website about the flora and fauna of Malta is sponsored by:. These include daldinone A and a purple polycyclic pigment and a metabolite called concentricolwhich is oxidized squalene.
A related species, Daldinia vernicosahas a narrowed, stemlike sterile base beneath the fertile portion. Wild Plants Main Index.
Although small, the moth is very pretty, and worth looking out for. The specimens we found were growing on a fallen Ash tree Fraxinus excelsior.
Home Shape key Glossary. Numerous concentric layers of fungus tissue i. King Alfred’s cakes Daldinia concentrica.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. When each ascus becomes engorged with fluid it extends outside the perithecium and releases spores. Fragments can be broken off to expose more embers and transferred to a tinder bundle to create an open flame. The black dots are spore deposits that form very close to perithecial openings.
A single layer of perithecia is located just conventrica the pimple-dotted surface. The sectioned specimens at the right show the distinct banding pattern of the sterile base.
The First Nature website has some good photos of the fungus, its asci and its spores. Daldinia concentrica is an Ascomycete fungus, in the family Xylariaceae.
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