Professor Everett L. Wheeler, review of The De Re Militari of Vegetius: The Reception, Transmission and Legacy of a Roman Text in the Middle Ages, ( review no. The treatise De re militari by Flavius Vegetius Renatus was the bible of Vegetius, who explicitly omitted cavalry from his exposition, became the. De Re Militavi, f86, Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge) .. xxxiii () ; id. , “The influence of Vegetius’ De re militari”, Milituty Afluirs.
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The ancients considered Sertorius’ care in this point as one of the most eminent of his military qualifications. See further, Charles Jones, “Bede and Vegetius. Besides the centurions, now vehetius centenarii, were distinguished by different crests on their helmets, to be more easily known by the soldiers of their respective centuries.
The form of the camps must be determined by the site of the country, in conformity rr which they must be square, triangular or oval. For this reason they exercised their infantry without intermission.
A small but fegetius example is in Vegetius’ first book, specifically the section discussing the military mark.
Recruits are to be taught the art of throwing stones both with the hand and sling. Back to 1 C. Article pages — Winchester ; olim H. The Princeps of the first cohort commanded a century and a half, that is, one hundred and fifty men, and kept in a great measure the general detail of the legion.
The five books of the Epitoma rei militaris were written between A. Rather than be forced to perform excessive labor and be under constant strain, most opted to join the auxiliaries of the legion.
Scholars would vegetuis to know, but perhaps editors of a press judge such data superfluous. Would you like to mllitari us about a lower price? Where information is lacking I have simply deleted that element of the listing.
Germany perhaps copied from the present Vatican, Pal. Nor were they less strict in punishing idleness and sloth. For if you are once surprised by the enemy before you are in a proper posture of defense, you are thrown into irrecoverable confusion, and you can no longer draw any assistance from the neighboring places, all communication with them being cut off. In the first place every century vfgetius a balista mounted on vegehius carriage drawn by mules and served by a mess, that is by ten men from the century to which it belongs.
The ancients had likewise a body of light infantry, slingers, and ferentarii the light troopswho were generally posted on the wings and began the engagement.
He is to be vigilant, temperate, accive and rd to execute the orders he receives than to talk; Strict in exercising and keeping up proper discipline among his soldiers, in obliging them to appear clean and well-dressed and to have their arms constantly rubbed and bright.
It was secure from any sudden attempt or surprise of an enemy by its expeditious method of entrenching its camp even in the open plains and it was always vgeetius with troops and arms of every kind.
For example, he says that recruits should be 5 Roman feet 10 inches tall Epitoma 1.
A Critical Analysis of Flavius Vegetius’ De Re Militari | Walter Mangual –
This translation merely says he Vegetius wants to learn the old ways of the Roman military and that he has read some books. Whenever this happens and they are attacked in the rear, universal disorder and confusion are inevitable. Having shown the ancient establishment of the legion, we shall now explain the names of the principal soldiers or, to use the proper term, the officers, and their ranks according to the present rolls of the legions.
At present they are seldom rf by us, but are the principal weapon of the barbarian heavy-armed foot. The consideration of Your Majesty’s superior indulgence for attempts of this sort, induced me to follow this example, and makes me at the same time almost forget my own inability when compared with the ancient writers.
The men at too great a distance in the front, on the appearance of an enemy, are more disposed to fly than to join their comrades. Those who fought in the first line of their respective legions were called principes, in the second hastati, and in third triarii.
The Mensores mark out the ground by measure for the tents in an encampment, and assign the troops their respective quarters in garrison. Although the haphazard preservation of medieval books tends to distort our information for some areas, such as Spain and Scandinavia, nevertheless manuscript copies of Vegetius’ treatise may have been found almost anywhere in medieval Europe.
They are used not only to defend the entrenchments of camps, but are also placed in the field in the rear of the heavy armed infantry.
De re militari Latin “Concerning Military Matters”also Epitoma rei militarisis a treatise by the late Latin writer Publius Flavius Vegetius Renatus about Roman warfare and military principles as a presentation of methods and practices in use during the height of Rome’s power, and responsible for that power. But negligence and sloth having by degrees introduced a total relaxation miltiari discipline, the soldiers began to think their armor too heavy, as they seldom put it on.
But if the description appear obscure or imperfect, it ge not to be imputed to me, but to the difficulty of the subject itself, which is therefore to be examined with the greater attention. From it, veyetius other things, we learn details of the siege engine called the onagerwhich until recently was thought to have been common in medieval sieges.
Robert Parker prose version ; a. They had also traveling workshops in which they made shields, cuirasses, helmets, bows, arrows, javelins and offensive and defensive arms of all kinds.
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Book I consists of twenty-eight chapters dealing with the recruiting and training of troops, five chapters of which are devoted to information on the construction and arrangement of camps. Among the technical writers the Elder Pliny leads with 52 manuscripts and is followed by Vitruvius with 28, Frontinus with nine, and Columella with seven. But if the enemy is near, all the cavalry and half the infantry are to be drawn up in order of battle to cover the rest of the troops at work on the entrenchments and be ready to receive the enemy if they offer to attack.
Subsequently, English copyings were to be found on the Continent and the interchange of books, including the De re militari, between England and France including the Low Countrieswas common.
The effect of the Lacedaemonian skill in dispositions for general actions appears evidently in the single instance of Xantippus, who assisted the Carthaginians after the repeated ruin of their armies. There is no difficulty in carrying on the fortifications of a camp when no enemy is in sight. Manuscripts in Italian [link] V. The book is a surprisingly short read, but in depth nonetheless.
Ludwig Hohenwang von Tal Elchingen ca. This can only be effected by the terror of our arms. The Romans followed their example, and both practiced their institutions in their armies and preserved them in their writings. Nothing does so much honor to the abilities or application of the tribune as the appearance and discipline of the soldiers, when their apparel is neat and clean, their arms bright and in good order and when they perform their exercises and evolutions with dexterity.
The Romans have their legions usually six thousand strong, sometImes more. When the preparations of the enemy were formidable, they sent a general of consular dignity with twenty thousand foot and four thousand horse.
Nor let this alteration and loss of ancient discipline in any way affect Your Majesty, since it is vwgetius happiness reserved for You alone both to restore the ancient ordinances and establish new ones for the public welfare. The appendix to vegetuis dissertation consists of a summary listing provided to him by the Institut de Recherche et d’Histoire des Textes in Paris in May The Vegetius portion is mainly in an unidentified Jewish?