Dyskeratosis congenita is an inherited bone marrow failure syndrome classically characterized by the triad of mucosal leukoplakia, nail dysplasia, and abnormal. Request PDF on ResearchGate | Disqueratosis congénita | Este artículo debe citarse como: Nazar-Díaz-Mirón D, Navarrete-Fran-co G. The diagnosis of dyskeratosis congenita was made only after an evolution of five years. The diagnosis of dyskeratosis congenita–although it is a rare disease– should be considered in every child first seen with . Disqueratosis congénita.

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Dyskeratosis congenita, autosomal dominant disqueratosiis. Enteropathy, which may result in poor growth, has been reported.

Shwachman-Diamond syndrome SDS is characterized by: It results in progressive fibrotic lung disease and has high morbidity and mortality. Progressive bone marrow failure with pancytopenia typically presents in the first decade, often initially with thrombocytopenia or leukopenia. Those with TERC pathogenic variants appear to have variability in severity. May appear at any age and may be a presenting sign.


Short stature and recurrent infections are common. Telomerase Cajal body protein 1. Individuals with autosomal recessive TERT congenia variants may have the severe phenotype Hoyeraal Hreidarsson syndrome.

The spectrum ranges from individuals who develop bone marrow failure BMF first, and then years later develop other classic findings such as nail abnormalities, to others who have severe nail problems and abnormalities of skin pigmentation but normal bone marrow function.


Genes and Databases for chromosome locus and protein. Three novel truncating TINF2 mutations causing severe dyskeratosis congenita in early childhood.

The response and optimal dosing in DC is not yet defined. By disquegatosis this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The prevalence of DC in the general population is not known and believed to be rare. Telomere flow-FISH analysis showed telomere lengths below the first percentile in all white blood cell subsets tested.

Nearly 50 nucleotide changes and small deletions in TERC have been associated with disease. Turn recording back on. They may be present in individuals with hypoxia in the absence pulmonary fibrosis and can be diagnosed by bubble echocardiography.

At least 15 genes are known to be associated with FA; inheritance is autosomal recessive for most of the FA complementation groups; FANCB pathogenic variants are inherited in an X-linked manner. Print Send to a friend Export reference Mendeley Statistics. Health care resources for this disease Expert centres Diagnostic tests 54 Patient organisations 77 Orphan drug s 1. Short telomeres are a risk factor for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Genetic counseling regarding risk to family members depends on accurate diagnosis, determination of the mode of inheritance in each family, and results of molecular genetic testing. Carrier disqueratowis for at-risk relatives requires prior identification of the DC-related pathogenic variants in the family. SNIP measures contextual citation impact by wighting citations based on the total number of citations in a subject field.


The diagnosis of FA rests on the detection of chromosome aberrations disqueraosis, rearrangements, radials, exchanges in cells after culture with a DNA interstrand cross-linking agent such as diepoxybutane DEB or mitomycin C MMC.

DNA replication and repair-deficiency disorder. Androgen therapy may be considered first when no related donor is available.

Orphanet: Disqueratosis congenita

Specialised Social Services Eurordis directory. Molecular Biology of the Gene.

Andrews’ Diseases of the Skin: The telomere is a complex structure Disqeuratosis 3. The risk to other family members depends on the status of the proband ‘s parents: The specific treatment for DC-related complications must be tailored to the individual.

Dyskeratosis congenita

For information on selection criteria, click here. Dyskeratosis congenita autosomal dominant. Antenatal diagnosis In case of family history, prenatal genetic diagnosis by chorionic villus sampling or preimplantation genetic diagnosis may be available.

Am J Med Genet A.

The risk to the sibs of the proband depends on the genetic status of the proband’s parents:

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