1. CxÀ zÁézÀ±ÀB ¸ÉÆÛÃvÁætÂ ²æÃ UÀÄgÀÄ¨sÉÆåÃ £ÀªÀÄB ºÀjB NªÀiï CxÀ ¥ ÀæxÀªÉÆÃzsÁåAiÀÄB ªÀAzÉÃ ªÀAzÀåA ¸ÀzÁ£ÀAzÀA ªÁ¸ÀÄzÉÃªÀA. Dwadasha Stotra is Composed by Madhvacharya. All 12 stotra are dedicated to lord Krishna. Dwadasha Stotra is recited before offering Food. To get the best result you should chant Dwadasha Stotra early morning after taking bath and in front of God Krishna Idol or picture. You should first understand .
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This collection is collectively counted as one of his 37 works, and is said to encapsulate the doctrine of Tattvavaada to a great deal of depth. Popular tradition has it that the Dwaadasha Stotras were composed at the time of the installation by him of the Sri Krishna icon at Udupi. Each dwarasha of Dwaadasha Stotras can be interpreted in several ways, in accordance with recognized rules of grammar; each verse is also evocative of many works by Srimad Acharya when studied with care and analyzed.
In expressing such thoughts in English or other colloquial language, the limitations of the language sought to be used may also be barriers, to overcome which needs one to have patience and perseverance. An attempt at direct translation, if carried out with an open mind and some competence, usually yields the main gist of the text. There are texts where up to 8 different and valid meanings have been given, all within the rules of textual interpretation and grammar. The exact circumstances under which the stotras were composed are not known to a certainty, and various conflicting accounts exist.
One popular account is that once, when Srimad Anandateertha was meditating at what is now called the Malpe beach near Udupia ship in distress in the sea came dqadasha his attention; he waved his upper garment, causing the fearsome winds and the angry seas to subside, enabling the ship to reach the shore safely with its cargo and crew intact.
The mound contained the long-concealed icon of Sri Krishna which in the Dwapara Yuga had been worshipped by His own consort Rukmini devi.
This icon was carried to Udupi and installed there by Sri Madhwacharya, and the Dvaadasha stotras were composed by him on this occasion.
Extracts from the Dwaadasha stotras, dwadasya the highly condensed and encapsulated philosophy of Tattvavaada, are also recited on other occasions such as Hari-Katha discussions.
With this background, we shall now look into explanations of each verse of DwAdasha Stotras in next pages. I offer my salutations always to Sri Krishna, the son of Vasudeva and consort of Sri Lakshmi, who is always fit for such prostration, who is full of bliss and other auspicious qualities, and is without any blemish or defect, and is the giver of great boons such as Moksha to Gods like Brahma, who are themselves known as givers of boons to others.
The conviction that Lord Krishna is supreme, without blemish and can give us the greatest gift which we can aspire, will lead to our praying Him rather than any one else and dtotra also make us disinterested in worldly boons — just as some one who has access to the emperor will dwaadsha seek some minor favors from a lesser official.
The feet of the Lord of Shree are like the effulgent Sun in dispelling the darkness of the mind called ajnaana, and rests on a pedestal which is touched frequently by swadasha crowns on the heads of the great gods like Brahma and Rudra who are the masters of the world. The waist of the Lord is covered by a golden dwadashx and is surrounded by a golden waistband.
Sri Lakshmi is always resting there sitting on His lap, with her hands round His waist. Such a waist is to be contemplated. The stomach of the Lord looks slim and small, but holds the entire Universe. It also has stoyra lines Vali thrayaa and is always embraced by Ramaa Lakshmi dEvi. Such a stomach should be contemplated.
The chest of Lord Vishnu, who is all pervading and is the Lord of all, is the abode of Indira Lakshmi dEvi and is infinite in space and time, but is still spanned by the two arms at either ends. Such a chest should be remembered. The four arms of the Lord wear the conch, discus, mace and the lotus and are round and full. Their main task is to protect the world always.
Such arms should always be remembered. The neck of the Lord of Vaikunta Narayana is adorned with the brilliant Kaustubha Mani and is always reciting all the Vedas. Such a neck should always be contemplated. The lotus like face of the Lord of Shri is effulgent with such brilliance that it can not be equaled even by thousands of full moons.
It removes the sorrows of the worldly bonds and is very suitable for praise. Such a face should be remembered. There is a smile on the face of who is capable of giving the greatest gift of the coveted Moksha — the abode of eternal bliss, which is full and without any comparison. Such a smile should be contemplated. I think of the gracious and love-filled look of Sri Rama, who is Himself full of bliss. His kind look is like the ocean of nectar which can remove all the sorrows and miseries caused by SamsAra.
The twitch of the eye brow of the Lord can give the highest positions like that of Chaturmukha Brahma and even Moksha. It is much waited upon even by Brahma and others.
Such eye brows should be contemplated.
Brahma and other great gods always praise the unique, great and extraordinary auspicious qualities of the Lord which has no end, and yet can never reach the position of having completely described or understood even one of these qualities.
Such a paramAtma should always be remembered, dadasha when one is anticipating his death. This gives an indication that the last thoughts of a dying person, which can only be determined by his priorities in life, will have decisive effect on his future lives. After offering his obeisance to Vasudeva KrishnaAcharya Madhva describes the great and unique attributes of Sri Hari in the this second stotra.
This has 9 verses. The husband of Indira is like a full moon in creating tides in the oceans of the minds of good people those who are equipped with Jnana, Bhakti and Vairagya. He Himself is an ocean of auspicious qualities. He is made of complete and flawless bliss and other qualities. May such Hari be pleased with us. This Narayana is like the moon which gives happiness to the Chakora bird called Ramaa, His consort.
He is like the fire in the oceans which dries up the waters of the pride of evil persons. When people get tired on the way, they take shelter in a house, where they get shade, drinking water, food and rest along with being made to feel comfortable. In a similar manner He is the shelter of good persons who need sttra from the sufferings of Samsaara.
I offer my namskaara to such Narayana. This world consists of Chith conscious and inert entities with differences amongst them. He creates this world, protects it during its maintenance and destroys it in Universal dissolution Pralaya.
He is Himself unaffected by all this, though He is like a householder with this stoyra. Alternatively, He lives in a house Vaikunta, which is without any change — vikaara.
He has a wife Ramaa, who is His beloved. I offer my salutations to Him. When Indira looks at some one with a half smile, he attains the greatest position of ruling all the three worlds. Hari is also looked always by her with such a half smile, not to confer boons, but because dwadasa her eternal and umatched love for Him. He is Himself of the sttotra of divine bliss and is full of auspicious qualities. I prostrate before Him.
This Lord of Ramaa is the master of all, but does not have any master for Himself. He has won the entire world, but has never been defeated. He is the creator of the entire world, but He Himself was not created by anyone. I offer my prostrations to Him. He is free from the effects of the three Gunas constituting prakruti satva, rajas and tamas.
He is full of auspicious qualities like jnAna, Ananda etc. He is the creator of Chaturmukha Brahma, who dwacasha the creator of the world. He has destroyed all enemies — both internal and external to Him.
He is the God who was present when no one else was there before creation. He is the Lord of all the gods. He has destroyed all enemies. You are not ever born, but create the entire world. You have won over all evil persons. You are worshipped by Chaturmukha Brahma and other gods. You use the flag emblem dwadwsha Garuda.
I dwadashaa my prostrations to you. Goddess Indira smilingly gives her side glance dwsdasha the eyes — Kataaksha, to you with complete love, devotion and unmatched quality. You are the most important desirable goal for us.
You are complete with matchless attributes. You destroy the misery of your devotees. End of the second stotra of dvAdasha stotras composed by Sriman Madhvacharya. In the brief length of 9 simple looking shlokas, Acharya Madhva has condensed the Dos and Donts of life in a heart touching and convincing manner.
But the means themselves are dwwadasha without His grace. The concept of Jaganmityatva unreality of dwaddasha world is baseless. This and other propositions of tattvavAda have been covered in this stotra, leading to the conclusion most cherished of Srimadaachaarya that is, Sri Vishnu Sarvottamatva. Hari is the Supreme Being, Hari is the father and mother, Hari is the teacher and Hari alone is the final support for the souls.
Therefore, do your prescribed duties always with reverence to the feet of the Lord.
Accept stotrw fruits there-of also with the same submission to His will. The Creator is the father as he brings the souls into being as embodied beings.
He is also the mother as He maintains their existence in the world. He is the Gathi or final destination for the souls after their sojourn in the world. He is the source of all knowledge as without Him, none of the Indriyas will exist including the mind. There is no one else in the world of living and inert matter who is more appropriate for worshiping. He is superior to the superior beings like Brahma, Rudra etc.
He is also the greatest Purusha or entity ever.
Therefore, stop your thinking about worldly affairs and immerse your mind in contemplation of His lotus feet. For those who try to remember the lotus feet of the Lord, all sins dwavasha destroyed quickly.