ECHINODORUS MACROPHYLLUS PDF

Image of Echinodorus macrophyllus. Alisma macrophyllum Trusted. Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike (CC BY-NC-SA Herb, perennial, to cm tall, glabrous or stellate-pubescent; rhizome present; stolon absent. Leaves emerged, green-brown, petiole ridged, stellate-pubescent . Monographs Details: Echinodorus macrophyllus (Kunth) Micheli subsp. macrophyllus. Authority: Haynes, Robert R. & Holm-Nielsen, Laurtiz B.

Author: Akitaur Kazibar
Country: Paraguay
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Health and Food
Published (Last): 4 November 2014
Pages: 253
PDF File Size: 11.81 Mb
ePub File Size: 2.94 Mb
ISBN: 391-9-18619-114-7
Downloads: 68262
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Motaur

Echinodorus macrophyllus – Wikipedia

To propagate these it is simply a matter of prying them free from the rosette of leaves and re-planting them in the substrate. Study of the causes of direct-acting mutagenicity in macropyllus and tea using the Ara test in Salmonella typhimurium.

Open in a separate window. This mass can be made sweet, like pumpkin. In contrast, the origin of G: Echinodorus macrophyllus is a species of aquatic plants in the Alismataceae. This cehinodorus particularly important because many plants synthesize toxic substances for defense against viruses, bacteria and fungi and these compounds could have potentially deleterious effects in humans. Views Read Edit View history. It is suitable for aquariums and ornamental, and also echinodrous use.

Transversion-specific purine analogue mutagens and the mechanism of hydroxylaminopurine mutagenesis.

Echinodorus macrophyllus

However, we cannot eliminate the possibility that other types of damage, as yet uncharacterized in terms of their mutagenic potential, can give rise to G: Click here to close this box. The aglycones lutheolin and quercetin may be responsible for this activity and could be potentially carcinogenic in uncontrolled human consumption. This ethyl acetate fraction is expected to contain aglycone flavonoids such as quercetin and lutheolin, and phenylpropanoids Zhang et al.

  JECA SYLLABUS PDF

Thanks a lot for understanding! Toxic DNA damage by hydrogen peroxide through the Fenton reaction in vivo and in vitro.

Genetic effects of the flavonols quercetin, kaempferol, and galangin on Chinese hamster echinodotus cells in vitro. Implication of hydrogen peroxide in the mutagenicity of coffee. The bars represent the standard errors. Analysis of sequences from 82 mutants showed base substitutions to be the macropnyllus prominent mutational event in 70 cases, with 63 of these being G: The results obtained indicate that the extract has marked genotoxic and mutagenic effects that are clearly associated with structural alterations in purine targets.

A selective minimal medium containing 0.

Selected comment has been removed successfully! These oxygen species are potent oxidants of lipids, proteins and nucleic acids, and may be related to the genotoxicity of several substances present in human foods Ames and Gold, Mutagenicity studies Reverse mutagenesis to histidine prototrophy Ames test This assay was done as described by Maron and Amesusing the histidine S.

It is best to house these in an open top aquarium as the leaves will extend above the water surface and even flower stalks may be produced if the conditions are correct.

Julian—Gregorian uncertainty Articles with ‘species’ microformats Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms. Catalase Sigma Chemical Co.

One of the echinoodorus oxidative damages induced by endogenous and exogenous compounds is the formation of 8-oxoguanine 8-oxo-dG. The importance of these proteins in minimizing such oxidative damage is attested to by their absolute evolutionary conservation Macrophylus and Grollman, ; Blanco et al.

  HAYAT UL QULOOB URDU PDF

Genotoxicity of quercetin in the micronucleus assay in mouse bone marrow erythrocytes, human lymphocytes, V79 cell line and identification of kinetochore-containing micronuclei in human lymphocytes.

A survey has confirmed its effectiveness in cases of hypertension. Each assay was done in duplicate and the results represent the average of at least three independent experiments.

Partition of the extract by solubility The lyophilized extract was successively partitioned by an extraction method based on organic solvents of increasing polarity hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate and butanol. It can stand lower temperatures however if acclimatised, though macrpohyllus will stay rather smaller and grow more slowly.

World Flora Online

Genotoxic and mutagenic effects of guarana Paullinia cupana in prokaryotic organisms. Mutagenic activity of quercetin and related compounds. Two-electron electrochemical oxidation of quercetin and kaempferol changes only the flavonoid C-ring.

Recommendations for the performance of bacterial mutation assays.

Since the oxy R mutation renders this strain more sensitive to oxidative stress caused by H 2 Echniodorus 2 or other organic peroxides these findings suggest that some of the mutagenicity may be mediated by peroxide activity.

Author: admin