La clave jeroglífica aplicada a la conquista de México. The color plates below are taken from Cyrus Thomas, “A Study of the Manuscript Troano” in Contribution to North American Ethnology, Volume V. In the late 19th. A Study of the Manuscript Troano – Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File Alonso Ponce. in the Coleocion de Documentos para la Historia de Eapana.
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Aguilar writes of the Mayas: The original is written on a strip of Maguey paper about 14 feet long and 9 inches wide, the surface of which is covered with a white ek or varnish, on which the characters and figures are painted in black, red, blue, and brown It is folded fan-like into thirt3″-five folds, presenting, when these are pressed together, the appearance of an ordinary octavo volume. Turning now to Plate VI, middle division, we find the days in the left-hand column to be Caban, Ik, Manik, Eb, and Caban, with an documneto of just five days between each two.
The red numerals are I9, 7, 5, 3. I next locate the fore- going groups of years so as, if possible, not to clash with each other, and also in such a manner that the period represented by a group shall fall within one of the Ahaues marked off on the table. Proceeding in the same way with the Ahau in the Kan, Muluc, and Ix columns, we obtain the seventeenth day of the month in the year 4 Kan, twelfth in 9 Muluc, and seventh in 1 Ix.
Madrid Codex (Maya)
So far as I am aware, nothing more is known in reference to its history; we are not even informed by its last owner where or how he obtained it. An examination of Tables No. It is evident that it has been done by run- ning over the Maya dictionaiy to find some word beginning with the letter under criticism, the figurative representation of which word might bear some resemblance to Landa’s letter. Five of these lustres being completed, make twenty years; this is what they call a Katun, They place a sculptured stone upon another stone, equally sculptured, fixed with lime and sand in the walls of the temples.
Ix being the first, Ben would be the last of Cumhu, and the added days being Ix, Men, Cib, Caban, and Ezanab, Cauac would be the first of the next year, the added days would close with Akbal, and the following year commence with Kan. As I have as- sumed that the cycle and hence the great cycle commenced with the year 1 Cauac, it follows that, in carrying out the above supposition, the first Ahau of the series must also begin with this year. As I will refer more at length to these plates hereafter I will not undertake to determine anything further concerning them here, my only object at present being to show that neither Codex appears to com- mence the series of years with Kan.
The Ancient Maya 6th, fully revised ed. The year 4 Kan commences with the column of our table which has 4 for the top figure. This would change the position of tlie Ahaues so far as their numbers are concerned, and they would then stand as shown in this table; that is, the first one in the grand cycle would be No.
This makes for a relatively unpleasing appearance, but it is quite accurate, and if enough patience is used, can be very helpful.
You can search through the full text of this book on the web at http: But what appears here as a contradiction of my supposition is, as I believe, the sti’ongest evidence of its correctness. That Bras- seur has paged these plates in exactly the reverse order to what they should be, I think is evident from the fol- lowing facts: On page II Tro. Using the red 1 and the black 6, as heretofore, we find the years to be as follows: It is surprising that any scholar should ever have thought so.
As these groups all fit into the Ahaues as I have divided them oflf, we have in this fact a strong presumption that our division is correct; still, it is proper to state here, as will be shown here- after, docu,ento all these periods will also fit into the Ahaues if the grand cycle is divided documwnto to the theory advanced by Selior Perez.
In this case there is but one of these black numerals in the space or compartment, but usually there are several, and also several red ones. Another prominent feature is the great number of numeral characters — dots and short straight lines. If the true method were as given in the right-hand table No. Next we find Oc in the Ix column, and by the same process ascertain the year to be 12 Ix. The respective numbers of these periods as thus fixed in the Ahau-Katun.
Full text of “A study of the manuscript Troano”
As heretofore stated, the greater number of the day columns contain just five characters. Several of the plates are more or less damaged, all of the imperfections, as it is claimed, being reproduced in the faC’Simile edition. If the first year of the grand cycle coincided with the first year of an Ahau, the position of these latter groups would be determined by simply dividing the former into yroano of 24 yeare, as shown in Table No.
Spears and arrows if such they be, for there is no figure of a bow in the entire workor darts, are the only implements of warfare shown. This is true no matter where we com- mence dividing the grand cycle, according to his idea. He pub- lished one of the earliest grammars -of the language, and also composed a dictionary in three large volumes, which was not printed.
Codice jeroglifico Troano-americano — Dumbarton Oaks
But the conclu- sion I draw is a diflferent one. If the first year of a cycle were also the first year of an Ahau, as we would naturally presume, then determining the first year of any one will determine all the others.
The publication of the Diccionario de la Lengua Maya of Don Juan Pio Perez was completed in that year, arid, though still leaving much to be desired, especially in reference to the ancient forms and meanings of words, it is a creditable monument of industry.
It was employed for a variety of purposes, prominent among which was the preservation of their history and calendar.
We see by reference to the annexed table of years XXIIIwhich contains exactly one cycle, that by commencing at the bottom of the right- hand or Ix column and running up, we find the numbers given in the quo- tation and in precisely the same order.
The word for letter or character is uooh. XXVII was afterwards inclosed between two boards which they decorated hand- somely. He discovered that many of the sounds of the Spanish alphabet were represented by signs or pictures of objects whose names in the Maya begin with that sound. They were ten or twelve yards long, and were gath- ered together in folds, like a palm leaf. These consist of three days each — Cib, Caban, and Ezanab — and each day has a numeral over it, as follows I give here the exact order in which they stand on the plates, although I have doubts as to the correctness of Brasseur’s paging: As the designated 4 Kan corresponds, according to the manuscript quoted, with the yearthe last year of that Ahau 10 Ix was That the work the original, if the one now in existence be a copy was probably written about the middle or latter half of the fourteenth century.
The tribe appears to have been at the time in a peaceable, quiet, and comparatively happy con- dition, which will carry us back to a time preceding the fall of Mayapan, and before the introduction of Aztec soldiers by the Cocomes.
Ex- amples of this plan are the familiar ‘tribute rolls” and the names of towns and kings, as shown in several of the codices published troanp Lord Kings- borough. As there were twenty -four years in an Ahau, and six were yet wanting to complete that referred to in the quotation, it follows of neces- sity this 4 Kan was the 18th and that this Ahau must have commenced with the year 13 Cauac and ended with 10 Ix.