Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a pregnancy complication that is characterized by severe .. Hyperemesis gravidarum is from the Greek hyper-, meaning excessive, and emesis, meaning vomiting, and the Latin gravidarum, the feminine. Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Mar 1, , N. González-Alonso and others published Emesis e hiperemesis gravídica }. Download Citation on ResearchGate | On Dec 31, , J. Lombardía Prieto and others published Emesis e hiperemesis gravídica }.

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Women not responding to IV rehydration and medication may require nutritional support. In addition, emeeis levels should be monitored and supplemented; of particular concern are sodium and potassium.

Distention of the gastrointestinal tract Crossover with TSHcausing gestational thyrotoxicosis [5]. Acute fatty liver of pregnancy Gestational diabetes Hepatitis E Hyperemesis gravidarum Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. While most women will experience near-complete relief of morning sickness symptoms gravidifa the beginning of their second trimestersome sufferers of HG will experience severe symptoms until they give birth to their baby, and sometimes even after giving birth.

Hyperemesis Gravidarum: Signs, Symptoms and Treatment

Archived from the original on 27 January National Institutes of Health. When vomiting is severe, it may emeiss in the following: Depression and post-traumatic stress disorder [36] are common secondary complications of HG and emotional support can be beneficial.


Treatment includes drinking fluids and a bland diet. The effects of HG on the fetus are mainly due to electrolyte imbalances caused by HG in the mother. BMJ Clinical research ed. Urinary tract infection Hepatitis Meningitis Gastroenteritis.

Retrieved 30 January While vomiting in pregnancy has been described as early as 2, BC, the first clear medical description emeiss hyperemesis gravidarum was in by Antoine Dubois. Intravenous IV hydration often includes supplementation of electrolytes as persistent vomiting frequently leads to a deficiency. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Breastfeeding difficulties Low milk supply Cracked nipples Breast engorgement Childbirth-related posttraumatic stress disorder Diastasis symphysis pubis Postpartum bleeding Peripartum cardiomyopathy Postpartum depression Postpartum psychosis Postpartum thyroiditis Puerperal fever Puerperal mastitis.

Amniotic fluid embolism Cephalopelvic disproportion Dystocia Shoulder dystocia Fetal distress Locked twins Obstetrical bleeding Postpartum Pain management during childbirth placenta Placenta accreta Preterm birth Postmature birth Umbilical cord prolapse Uterine inversion Uterine rupture Vasa praevia. After IV rehydration is completed, patients typically begin to tolerate frequent small liquid or bland meals.

Retrieved 8 September There are numerous theories regarding the cause of HG, but the cause remains controversial.

Emesis e hiperemesis gravídica by ARMANDO MORENO SANTILLAN on Prezi

Handbook of home nutrition support. Retrieved 6 December First pregnancy, multiple pregnancyobesity, prior or family history of hyperemesis gravidarum, trophoblastic disorderhistory of an eating disorder [3] [4].

Retrieved 5 December European Journal of Internal Medicine. Manual of obstetrics 7th ed. Archived from the original on Ectopic pregnancy Abdominal pregnancy Cervical pregnancy Interstitial pregnancy Ovarian pregnancy Heterotopic pregnancy Molar pregnancy Miscarriage Stillbirth. A small percentage rarely vomit, but the nausea still causes most if not all gravidiva the same issues that hyperemesis with vomiting does.


Archived from the original on 10 December This page was last edited on 6 Decemberat Obstetrics and gynecology clinics of North America. Digestive system Acute fatty liver of pregnancy Gestational diabetes Hepatitis E Hyperemesis gravidarum Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy.

Archived from the original on 15 December Archived gravdiica the original on 8 September Retrieved from ” https: Increased steroid levels in circulation [22]. Patients might receive parenteral nutrition intravenous feeding via a PICC line or enteral nutrition via a nasogastric tube or a nasojejunal tube.

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Likewise, supplementation for lost thiamine Emesiss B 1 must be considered to reduce the risk of Wernicke’s encephalopathy. However, cycles of hydration and dehydration can occur, making continuing care necessary. Retrieved 23 January She died in while four months pregnant, having been afflicted by intractable nausea and vomiting throughout her pregnancy, and was unable to tolerate food or even water. Archived from the original on 29 October

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