purposes; its challenges and contribution of enset production for sustainable livelihood According to Stanely (), the cultivation of Enset in Ethiopia was . However, the spatial distribution of Enset production and its yield are not . Enset plant yield and assessing kocho production in Ethiopia. Annual national food production in Ethiopia for the years Table 3. Hectarage and production of Enset products in the Southern Ethhiopia Peoples.
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Enset will tolerate drought better than most cereal crops. It is a gigantic leafy monocarpic evergreen perennial root crop and main food source mostly for the southwestern part of Ethiopian highlands. It is indigenous to Ethiopia and believed to be originated in the southwestern part of the country. It is drought resistant because it contains a lot of water in pseudostem and used for cattle stall feeding especially in the dry season when grass is scarce.
Ensete ventricosum – Wikipedia
Cheesman Ensete laurentii De Wild. For cleaning rags, brushes, baby cushions, pot stands, as wrappers for butter, kocho, and other items to transport to local market [ 3 ]. Enset garden is sometimes an indicator of the economic status of farmers; many varieties more mature and large prdouction of enset plants are found in the gardens of wealthier households [ 24 ].
It is an indigenous crop to Ethiopia, where primarily produftion as a staple food though wild enset varieties were reported to be found in other African and Asian countries. In general, the pulp of the pseudostem, the young shoots, and the corm are eaten.
Once it reaches certain stage of growth, cultivated enset can be utilized for several purposes throughout a year [ 8 ]. Third, flooding events can transport the mealybug over longer distances and reach enset plants. Enset Ensete ventricosum corms and pseudostems.
Totally it takes years for an enset to mature and get ready to be processed [ 3 ]. They improve ethipia in the soil and aquifers through increasing water infiltration and reducing surface runoff. Journal of Applied Biosciences.
The majority of enset varieties are produced mainly for processing to starch through fermentation, kocho or bulla while some other are produced entirely for their corm. Ensete ventricosum Plant List: Enset Ensete Ventricosum Production in Ethiopia: Kew, quite understandably, did not make the connection, especially as they had never before seen such seeds.
Comparative nutrient compositions of enset varieties Bulla and corm.
Kainuma, “Characteristic physico-chemical properties and potential uses of enset Ensete Ventricosum starch: Productkon Selassie I University,p.
Taboje [22 ] reported that Gena provides up to Ensete arnoldianum De Wild.
At AARC, accessions of enset were evaluated [ 23 ]. The plant stores carbohydrate in its pseudostem during the vegetative stage in the leaf sheaths and the corm, which is used up at the flowering and fruiting stages, hence harvesting has to be ahead of ehiopia [ 6 ]. A Working List of all Plant Species”. It is also used for various socio-economic and cultural values in the enset growing areas.
Detail nutritional studies of the identified varieties were not undertaken so far except little information on either general or undefined enset varieties. Inthe celebrated Scottish traveller James Bruce first sent a description and quite accurate drawings of a plant common in the marshes around Gondar in Abyssinia, confidently pronounced it to be “no species of Musa” and wrote that its local name was “ensete”.
Cheesman musaceae family diversity on-farm”. Agriculture and Human Values. He productioh reported the early cultivation of enset in the northern part of the Abyssinian highland in the course of his survey on the source of the Nile.
The other shortcoming of this crop is it being poor in nutrient composition particularly protein and minerals. The names of the varieties are referred in the parentheses in productoon paper to explain that the nutritional composition differences may arise from the varieties not only of the botanical parts. Institute of Agricultural Research,