Dramaturgy is a sociological perspective that focuses on the management of everyday life. Erving Goffman is credited as being one of the chief proponents. Erving Goffman (–) developed a dramaturgical theory of the self and society inspired by Mead’s basic conception of social interaction. In the selection . For Erving Goffman (–), arguably the most original For Goffman, the subject matter of dramaturgical sociology is the creation, main-.

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In addition to this, it also has been said that dramaturgy does not contribute to sociology’s goal of understanding the legitimacy of society. Interpersonal relationships Symbolic interactionism. Goffman’s definition of backstage from his book The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life states that the back stage is where “the performer can relax; he can drop his front, forgo speaking in his lines, and step out of character” Hunt argued that ” social movements can be described as dramas in which protagonists and antagonists compete to affect audiences’ interpretations of power relations in a variety of domains”.


Defensive techniques are employed before an interaction starts and involve:. There are three basic roles in Goffman’s scheme, each centered on who has access to what information.

Likewise, in life also, there are two regions, each with its own set of behavioural norms. This may not necessarily be true and actors of different ethnicities may be included just to make the ad seem more believable. The theory was designed for total institutions and some believe that theories should not be applied where they have not been tested.


Dramaturgy (sociology) – Wikipedia

Within this analysis, teams are groups of individuals who cooperate with each other in order to share the ‘party line’. Within society we are expected to present ourselves in a certain way, however, when a person goes against the norm society tends to notice.

It is claimed to be drafting on positivismwhich does not offer an interest in both reason and rationality; John Welsh called it a “commodity”. Dramaturgy is a sociological perspective commonly used in microsociological accounts of social interaction in everyday life.

Dramaturgy (sociology)

Dramaturgy tries to understand how order and ordering is established by a performance. Social Exchange, Dramaturgy and Ethnomethodology: Retrieved August 29, There are those sociologists who consider Dramaturgy a theory or theoretical framework, while others consider it a sociological paradigm. These decisions range from how we dress each day, like, for example, casual or formal clothing, how we style our hair to even decisions like the kind of body language that we display.

A dramaturgical action is a social action that is designed to be seen by others and to improve one’s public self-image. Team members also have inside knowledge and are not fooled by one another’s performances.

Dramaturgy emphasizes expressiveness as the main component of interactions.

Behaviour, therefore, is mostly structured based on how one expects to be perceived by an audience. Interpersonal Communication Skills in Workplace. New York, New York.


Their main avenue of concern for him or her is “customer service”. Therefore, the compliment is accepted to be genuine as opposed to being distracted and looking elsewhere while complimenting. Borders or boundaries are important as they prevent or restrict movement of individuals between various regions.

The border phenomenon is highlighted by Victor Turner’s liminality -concept, and thus prolonged in the imaginable field: Appearance refers to the items of the personal front that are a reflection of the actor’s social status. Goffman noticed this habit of society and developed the idea of front stage. This concept can be seen in the film Waiting. This, essentially, is an act that is being put dramaturfy for the benefit of their kids who are their audience.

It is where facts suppressed in the front stage or various kinds of informal actions may appear.

Team members must share information as mistakes reflect on everyone. Dramaturgical theory suggests that a person’s identity is not a stable and independent psychological entity, but rather, it is constantly remade as the person interacts with others. Views Read Edit View history. Sociology 7th Canadian Ed. Classical ervingg Contemporary Sociological Theory:

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