One of such is the Gadaa system of the Oromo People. . Hallpike, C. R., “ Review: The Origins of the Borana Gada System,” Reviewed. Oromo elites, Abba Gadaa (father of Gadaa), historians most often say that it is The Gada system is largely practised by the Oromo people. Was it a system used through out Oromia or was it prevalent in one region of Oromia The Gada system spread with the migration and intermingle of the Oromo.

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Daniel Berhane Daniel Berhane. The principal responsibilities of the initiates or the? The Oromo society was structured into two distinct but cross-cutting system of pear group.? Name of the element: Every members of age-set is expected to be trained, to share experience and to play significant role turn by turn.

Read the original article on Ethiopian Herald. Oromo oral traditional also supports the above view. Literary Abbaa Muudaa means father or owner of muudaa ceremony.

The Gadaa System of the Oromo People | Participedia

Still among various Oromo groups Qaalluu is believed to be the eldest son of Oromo and therefore given the title of father. Sirna [5] entitled “Ethiopia: The innocent person is called ‘Garraamitichaa’ which literary means an old innocent man of Walabuu. The Committee bada reviewed seven programmes proposed for inclusion on the Register of Best Safeguarding Practices. There were many age sets gzda each grade and many Cibras under one age set.

Further the young, poor and the elders are politically and economically marginalized in western democracies.


Views Read Edit View history. Below is an article published by walta info: It is the stage of the incoming of Gada leaders who were elected during transition to grade IV, 16 years ago. He as well suggested that the complicated nature of the Gadaa System of the Oromo has made the system to appear as a foreign element.

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To spell, the single unit ‘Ga’ represents law and ‘Da’ represents ‘Waaqa’ God. The late Donald Levine has said [4] that Gadaa is “one of the most complex systems of social organization ever devised by the human imagination”.

Each classor systrmconsists of all of the sons of the men in another particular class. Belongs to Oromo’s society Kallacahaa systek believed to have come from Waaqaa God through lightening and Waaqaa. Historically, the process of enacting laws by the general assembly across central Oromo was quite different, especially before the midth century.

For Jalata, Gadaa represents “the totality of Oromo civilization”. Languages Italiano Oromoo Edit links. The fifth grade is collectively called the warrior class. Problems and Purpose Discourses around the origin of democracy contain a clear binary separation between “us” and “them” which over-simplifies the complex historical evolution of political systems.

The existing differentiation of functions and minimal ranking does not imply inequality or hierarchy. However, the Gadaa had all the shortcomings and problems like that of the monarchial Oromo and monarchial non-Oromo Ethiopian systems of governance.

As a system of governance, the Gadaa operates in gava often ten stages with eight years separation.

Gadaa – Wikipedia

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The Oromo recognized the Gada System as part of their cultural heritage and as a contemporary system of gadx that functions in concert with the modern state system. Some constituents of the Gadaa System. Women also take part in the assembly but do not deliberate – they arrive at the assembly last sstem leave first – last in first out! Every eight years power is transferred from one Gadaa class to other without violence or conflicts due to the presences of Qaaluu.

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Generally speaking, Gadaa is a broad concept, and it is a system that consists a number of institutions, concepts, values and knowledge in it. Gada system, an indigenous democratic socio- political system of the Oromo Name of the element in the language and script of the community concerned: Gadaa regarded as one of the ancient type of social organization by relating it to culture of other Cushitic people.

There is deep personal identification between the members of the class and their leadership. The legislative and adjudicatory supremacy of the general assembly is historically conditioned and culturally deep-rooted.


They campaign on behalf of their sons. One of such is the Gadaa system of the Oromo People. In our contemporary political system elections are conducted every five or four years in between which citizens often pay little attention to matters of government.

They also exchange these symbols. That is forty years long.

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