Review of Handbook of Proto-Tibeto-Burman: System and Philosophy of Sino- Tibetan Reconstruction. Article (PDF Available) in Language and Linguistics. System and philosophy of Sino-Tibeto-Burman Reconstruction. } Review: James A. Matisoff () Handbook of Proto-Tibeto-Burman. System Rethinking Sino-Tibetan phylogeny from the perspective of North East Indian. Review of Handbook of Proto-Tibeto-Burman: System and Philosophy of Sino-Tibetan Reconstruction. By James A.

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How can PST speakers have known writing brushes? Vowel length Especially on the basis of Lushai, Benedict reconstructed a PTB vowel length contrast, with marked long vowels.

Matisoff’s PTB has neither tones nor anything out of which tones can arise. Failures of this type are not limited to laterals, of course: Despite the methodological problems zino-tibetan earlier, TB reconstructions at times converge with OC reconstructions, more that M.

The Chinese word does not explain proto-tibteo-burman in TB. Matisoff gives more detail than the Conspectus, but his discussion is hardly complete. This must be because the form with -k is basic.

XI No 1, Thumbnails Document Outline Attachments. WT phag, WB wakwas first treated by Benedict Because many TB languages are not well documented, the sound correspondences for all of them cannot be known, as Matisoff acknowledges elsewhere In support of this, Gyarong Jacques has contrastive velars and uvulars, and some of the words which in Burmese and Lushai have zero initial have uvulars in Gyarong pf ‘jaw’.

The weaknesses here are that a final -t in the TB reconstruction is an empty suffix, and b there is no evidence in the Ch.

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Zhengzhang Shangfang Shanggu yunmu xitong he sideng, jieyin, shengdiao de fayuan wenti. Despite his anti-megalocomparativist stance, Matisoff is himself a half-believer in Austro-Tai.

Handbook of Proto-Tibeto-Burman: System and Philosophy of Sino-Tibetan Reconstruction

Only explicit theories can be tested, and hence falsified. Matisoff presents a genetic tree for ST p. In Szu Ch’i-liang et al.

Yet Written Tibetan, the oldest TB literary language, with its abundant literature and convenient lexicography, is under-represented.

Moreover final -r in this word is a reconstructive error of Karlgren’s: Matisoff reconstructs many more. When Benedict wrote his Conspectus in it was natural that he should use that reconstruction, then the most advanced in the world. This is not felicitous. The vast majority of ethnic Tujias speak Mandarin Chinese.

Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area 22, 2: Gong, Hwang-cherng Collected papers on Sino-Tibetan linguistics. Benedict’s first solution, which is also that supposed by Haudricourt and Ferlus see Ferlus to explain Vietnamese spirantization of voiceless stop initials, should be preferred.

VIIfinal stops Ch. This prefix was first reconstructed for Old Chinese by Sagart but the reconstruction appears to redonstruction good for the whole of ST. London, Royal Asiatic Society. The isolated WT form, with tell-tale final -r, is without a doubt a late borrowing from a variety of NW Chinese where -t had become -r in the late first millennium CE Coblin Matisoff Handbook of Proto-Tibeto-Burman. In effect Matisoff is using empty suffixes as wild cards.

Matisoff gives a proto-system of 23 initial consonants. There is also no question that advances in TB can help students of Chinese historical phonology constrain their hypotheses on the early history of Chinese. Although we are still without explicit testable theories of TB consonants and TB tones, it is clear that progress with the rhymes can only improve the prospects of solving them. This theory of Benedict’s says that the Austronesian and Tai-Kadai families originate in an early SEA language —Proto-Austro-Tai—, once the bearer of the high culture in East Asia, which allegedly loaned large numbers of cultural words to Sino-Tibetan languages.


Xsuffixes Ch. This is one of the comparisons offered by Benedict in support of his collective -n suffix. More Information Less Information. Matisoff offers little discussion proto-tibeto-bhrman the evolution of manner contrasts: I now fully recognize that Sino-Tibetan is a valid grouping: Li Fang-kuei Shanggu Yin Yanjiu.

However, while Lushai proto-tibeto-byrman can only reflect an earlier gl- WB ky- can reflect gr- as well as gl. Oceanic Linguistics 33 2: Tibetan, again, is under-studied thus four out of thirteen diphthongal TB rimes in Table 14 p.

University of California Press

Sino-tibetsn Despite the problems discussed in this review, Matisoff has to a large extent succeeded in making Benedict’s reconstruction of TB rimes explicit, and thus testable: He is aware of the problem p.

Another problem with M’s inventory of consonants is the alternation, already mentioned, between initial velars and zero. Vowel correspondence without parallel. Putting together Archaeology, Linguistics and Genetics, The style is readable, somewhat chatty.

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