Innis, Harold A., Empire and communications \ i~,~}. k \1.\i.. ‘i+h l”!r·,)~\_l.t rVl. I\ P;’3·\:: ,f~.rl PAPER AND THE PRINTING PRESS ;Ji! ‘Jt~j. Harold Innis: Prophet of Empire & Communications. 03Jan Photograph of Harold Innis standing among lilacs, no date Harold Innis, no date. Source. Empire and Communications examines the impact of media such as stone, clay, papyrus and the alphabet on the empires of Egypt and.
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The royal annals alone were purely Assyrian in style and followed invention of the cylinder or hexagon on which crowded lines of script permitted longer narratives. Dependence on stone as a medium provided the background of an absolute monarchy, but its monopoly position invited competition from papyrus and ninis development of a new monopoly dominated by religion and control over writing in the complex hieroglyphics.
Babylonian weights and measures were used on a larger scale. He’s a charlatan, and it shows.
Philosophical Investigations for Applied Linguistics: Empire and Communications by Harold Innis
The spoken word possessed creative efficiency and the written word in the tomb perpetuated it. Beginning with drawing and literature in the decoration of temples and tombs in the use of figures as definitions of living beings and objects, the pictorial principle was extended and adapted to the need of expressing non-pictorial elements into a hieroglyphic system by B.
For them, words were the true source of wisdom. Cochrane and the late Professor E. A triangular stylus of about the size of a small pencil with four flat sides and one end bevelled was introduced, probably in the second half of the qnd millennium. The worship of Aten, the solar disk, was a device for creating a united Orient.
Hyksos rule lasted about a century until the Egyptians drove them out. Sep 25, Brian is currently reading it. Sun-dried tablets could be altered easily and this danger was overcome by baking in fire. Graham Wallas has reminded us that writing as compared with speaking  involves an impression at the second haold and reading an impression at the third remove.
They were followed by the Kassites. A similar layer was  laid above and across them and the whole covered by another cloth. The teaching of the prophets was an intensified form of group  morality. It has been claimed that an extended social structure was not only held together by increasing numbers of written records but also equipped with an increased capacity to change ways of living.
Concrete pictographs involved an elaborate vocabulary with large numbers of items. Administration and its dependence on writing implied religious sanctions which meant encroachment on law. Cities were given a certain measure of freedom and in Ashur townsmen were given charters with clearly defined special privileges. Toward the end of the eighth century it prevailed in Asia Minor and among the Phrygians. The additional strains imposed by expansion brought disaster.
Mind passed from a belief in the physio-magical power comprised in the word to a realization of its spiritual power. The conquerors adopted hieroglyphic writing and Egyptian customs, but complexity enabled the Egyptians to resist and to expel the invaders.
The growth of temples and extension in power of the cult enhanced the power and authority of priests. His outline of Egyptian civilization is a complex and highly detailed analysis of how these media, along with several other technologies, affected the distribution of power in society.
In paying heed to these warnings I do not intend to concentrate on microscopic studies of small periods or regions in the history of the British Empire, important as these are to its understanding.
Empire and Communications
Chadwick, The Heroic Age Cambridge, It has been suggested that the rise of a middle-class bureaucracy under anti-aristocratic kings was accompanied by increased democratization of the cult of Osiris. The shift from dependence on stone to dependence on papyrus and the changes in political and religious institutions imposed an enormous strain on Egyptian civilization. Control over Phoenicia from Egypt was apparently followed by the shipment of quantities of papyrus through Byblos hence the name Bible and its use by Phoenicians by the end of the eleventh century and possibly by the Assyrians  in the eighth century.
Extensive commercial activity required a large number of professional scribes or of those who could read and write.
Syria and Palestine became part of the empire. To this was added the task of including the cultural and religious centre of Egypt.
A strong imperial capital, a system of radiating communications, and the use of iron gave the Hittites important advantages in the consolidation of power. In an agricultural society religion was faced with the problem of predicting important dates to determine the seasonal round of activities. In this foundational work, he traces humanity’s movement The calendar became a source of royal authority.
A renaissance of art and literature followed the conquest of Egypt and transmission of the wisdom of Babylonia in copies, compilations, and revisions from the originals to the royal  library and archives under Ashur-bani-pal B. Two scribes were shown in drawings, the chief with a stylus and a tablet and the assistant with the pen and parchment or papyrus.
A system of deportation was communicatios on a large scale as a means of blotting out nationalistic and narrowly local cultures. Invaders with the sword and the bow and long-range weapons broke through Egyptian defence, dependent on the battle-axe and the dagger.
Literature was communicarions in the interests of religion. If we are to hope for new insights and criticism of the imperial centre, Watson says, we will have to turn to marginal groups: Cojmunications breach between the written and the spoken word accompanied  the growth of monopoly incidental to complexity of writing and invited invasion from regions in which such breaches were not in evidence and in which technological advance was unchecked.
Materials which emphasize time favour decentralization and hierarchical types haeold institutions, while those which emphasize space favour centralization and systems of government less hierarchical in character. The results of his efforts formed a new paradigm. They were fully developed in the inscription of Tiglath-Pileser I. Sumerian became a dead language haroldd largely by priests in religious writing, but signs which had been used as single syllables free anx relationship to pictographs were taken over by the harokd, as were those which had been used to represent objects or ideas, and were read as ideographs with  Semitic translations.
In this chapter, Harold Innis focuses harlld the gradual displacement of oral communication by written media during the long history of the Roman Empire. The word is the word of wisdom.
You are commenting using your WordPress. Monopoly over writing supported an emphasis on religion and the time concept which defeated efforts to solve the problem of space. Under Sargon the Greatthe empire expanded to include extensive territories reaching northwest as far as Turkey and west to the Mediterranean.