Subscribe · Contact us; Quick links The Ikhwan al-Safa’ (Brethren of Purity) were the anonymous adepts of a tenth-century and assimilation of their monumental encyclopaedia, the Rasa’il Ikhwan al-Safa’ (Epistles of the Brethren of Purity). Rasa’il-e-Ikhwan-us Safa (Epistles of Brethren of Purity) have been considered an encyclopaedic work of 3rd or 4th century of Islam. This work consists of The name Ikhwan al‑Safa was assumed by a group of libres penseum who cultivated .. The Ikhwan al‑Safa supplied us with data which enable us to construct.

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The universe is not eternal but created by God through emanation.

A teacher is absolutely necessary, especially to common people. Islam is considered by them to be the religion par excellence: Greater hell is the eternal condemnation of the wretched soul to roam in the underworld, burdened sfa the accumulated ignorance and fettered with depression and pain.

Further, they espoused the view of the Ionians, and Thales d. Emotion is either primitive laughter, anger, etc.

Hamdani disputes the general abovegoing identifications, pointing out that accounts differ in multiple details, such as whether Zayd was an author or not, whether there was a principal author, and who was in the group or not. Everybody should be left free to embrace the religion he chooses; he may also change his religion, perhaps often too, though he is expected to look for the best religion in his time.

What we call creation, in our physical world, pertains to the Universal Soul. Note, if space is the outer surface of the world and time is the reckoning of the rotations of the spheres, space and time would be unthinkable prior to the spheres themselves.

On the other hand, Satan Iblisone of the lesser leaders of the jinn who had aspired to be in place of Adam, was vexed by the honour bestowed on Adam. As for other relatives of his servants, and dependants, he should be bounteous in their maintenance and meek in their treatment. It receives its energy from the intellect. When such comparisons are not possible, the ancient excerpta usually correspond to the extant original texts.


I Sanchez and J. Les Belles Lettres anast. The earth, they said, is but a point in a large circle. Yet they were well aware that their esoteric teachings might provoke unrest, and the various calamities suffered by the successors of the Prophet may have seemed good reason to remain hidden.

Qur’an, vii, 11; xxxviii; 76 cf. After some time, the gazelle is trapped by another net; with the aid of the others and the good rat, the gazelle is soon freed, but the tortoise fails to leave swiftly enough and is himself captured by the hunter.

On the other hand, natural treatises reflect the availability of the rich range of mineralogical, botanical and agricultural works, but none of the works by Aristotle on minerals or plants were known to the Arabs. Greek sources for Epistle 37 on love also vary. The particular kinds are numerous. Among us too there are philosophers, sages, geometers, astronomers, naturalists, ilhwan, diviners, soothsayers, casters of spells ikhan enchantments, interpreters of dreams, alchemists, astrologers, and many other sorts, too many to mention.

Brethren of Purity – Wikipedia

I,20—, 4. Ancient theories on the movements of the stars will finally evolve in Epistle 36 On cycles and revolutions into that which, following Cumont, G. safx

As regards space and time, their view was that both are not realities; space is more objective, since it is related to bodies which have dimensions: Edited and Introduced by M.

The picture ikhwwn resulted was that of accumulation rather than of exposition, and never that of exhaustiveness and systematization. All subsequent emanations tend swfa be more and more material and defective. This explains the metaphysical origin of life on earth. The encyclopedia can thus be considered a compendium of foreign sciences, deserving attention even by those who are only interested to ascertain the extent of what the Arabs knew of ancient doctrines at that time.


Archived from the original on There is is place for poetry or for rhetorical devices in the encyclopedia. Usually the tasks of the ruler are neatly distinguished from those of the prophet, because governance is a mundane business and prophecy is related to the life to come III,5—6.

Their inattention caused the fall of the souls into the physical earth. According to “Ikhwan as-Safa” Rasail 21st. But the astrologer can also err and rely solely on elections. Because the first matter was passive, having jkhwan proper energy; it could not emanate by itself. And as soon as he knew, he make a vow to that temple corresponding to it.

Ikhwan al-Safa’

Open access to the SEP is made possible by a world-wide funding initiative. The order and character of emanation are described below. And they have prescribed a norm of rituals Since the motions of these spheres have regularity and ratios to one another, ikhhwan sounds must have tunes which are of highest perfection and harmony.

It is in this complex pre-Fatimid period that Jabir ibn Hayyan d. Forschungen fur Humanwissenschaften der Ungarischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, pp. La philosophie des Ihwan al-Safa’.

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