The slab allocator: an object-caching kernel memory allocator . Jeff Bonwick, Jonathan Adams, Magazines and Vmem: Extending the Slab. Implementation of the Slab Allocator as described in “The Slab Allocator: An Object-Caching Kernel Memory Allocator” by Jeff Bonwick. – lucastsa/ slab_allocator. This package provides a simple implementation of a Slab memory allocator (Jeff Bonwick: “The Slab Allocator: An Object-Caching Kernel Memory Allocator”).
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When the process calls for a new kernel object, the system tries to find a free location for that object on a partial slab in a cache for that type of object. With slab allocation, memory chunks suitable to fit data objects of certain type or size are preallocated.
The jedf call to allocate memory of the same size will return the now unused memory slot. Destruction of the object does not free up the memory, but only opens a slot which is put in the list of free slots by the slab allocator.
Slab allocation – Wikipedia
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This process eliminates the need to search for suitable memory space and greatly alleviates memory fragmentation. The allocator’s object caches respond dynamically to global memory pressure, and employ an objectcoloring scheme that improves the system’s overall cache utilization and bus balance. Introduction The allocation and freeing of objects are among the most common operations in the kernel.
This article may need to be rewritten entirely to comply with Wikipedia’s quality standards. Retrieved 18 November These small slabs need to be optimized further from the logical layout, by avoiding using bufctls which would be just as large as the data itself and cause memory usage to be much greater.
Slab allocation was first introduced in the Solaris 2. The new object gets allocated from this slab, and its location becomes marked as “partial”. When a program sets up a cache, it allocates a number of objects to the slabs associated with that cache. Retrieved 28 December A fast kernel memory allocator is therefore essential. Advanced Search Include Citations. A slab is the amount by which a cache can grow or shrink.
Instead of using bufctls, we use the buffers themselves to retain the free list links.
A small slab is exactly one page, and has a defined structure that allows bufctls to be avoided. If no such location exists, the system allocates a new slab from contiguous physical pages and assigns it to a cache. In this context, a slab is one or more contiguous pages in the memory containing pre-allocated memory chunks. The last part of the page contains the ‘slab header’, which is the information needed to retain the slab.
Retrieved from ” https: These same primitives prove equally effective for managing stateless memory e. This page was last edited on 23 Decemberat Advanced Search Include Citations Disambiguate. It is analogous to an object poolbut only applies to memory, not other resources.
Not to be confused with Slab unit. It represents one memory allocation to the cache from the machine, and whose size is customarily a multiple of the page size. Bonwicj eliminates fragmentation caused by allocations and deallocations. Starting at the first address of that page, there are as many buffers as can be allocated without running into the slab header at the end of the page. Views Read Edit View history. The allocator also has several wlab and debugging features that can detect a wide range of problems throughout the system.
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Slab allocation is a memory management mechanism intended for the efficient memory allocation of kernel objects. The primary motivation for slab allocation is that the initialization and destruction of kernel data objects can actually outweigh the cost of allocating memory for them.
A slab must contain a list of free buffers or bufctlsas well as a list of the bufctls that have been allocated in the case of a large slab size. This number depends on the size of the associated slabs.
The allocation takes place quickly, because the system builds the objects in advance and readily allocates them from a slab. Webarchive template wayback links Use dmy dates from August Wikipedia articles needing rewrite from May All articles needing rewrite All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from April This paper presents honwick comprehensive design overview of the SunOS 5. However, in many cases the cost of initializing and destroying the object exceeds the cost of allocating and freeing mem The slab contains a list of bufctls, which are simply controllers for each buffer that can be allocated a buffer is the memory that the user of a slab allocator would use.
Slab Allocator | Oracle Jeff Bonwick’s Blog
Abstract This paper presents a comprehensive design overview of the SunOS 5. This allocator is based on a set of object-caching primitives that reduce the cost of allocating complex objects by retaining their state between uses.
The notion of object caching was therefore introduced in order to avoid the invocation of functions used to initialize object state. The reason for the large slabs having a different layout from the small slabs is that it allows large slabs to pack better into page-size units, which helps with fragmentation. This allows the small slab’s bufctl to be bypassed. The technique is used to retain allocated memory that contains a data object of a certain type for reuse upon subsequent jerf of objects of the same type.
Initially, the system marks each slab as “empty”.