Creating a JTree: JTree «Swing «Java Tutorial. public JTree() JTree tree = new JTree(); public JTree(Hashtable value) JTree tree = new JTree(System. JTree; import delEvent; import TreeModelListener; import tMutableTreeNode; import. The idea of custom data models and cell renderers was covered in detail in the Swing tutorial section on JList. JTree is another component that commonly uses.

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Sometimes, it is not feasible to override toString ; in such a scenario you can override the convertValueToText of JTree to map the object from the model into a string that gets displayed. Have a popup attached to a JTree.

Dynamic Tree : JTree « Swing « Java Tutorial

This is not very useful. However, this is not very convenient and consistent with the rest of the tree. A program can detect changes in branch nodes’ expansion state by listening for tree expansion or tree-will-expand events, as described in How to Write a Tree Expansion Listener and How to Write a Tree-Will-Expand Listener. A JTree object does not actually contain your data; it simply provides a view of the data.

JTree uses different icons to represent leaf node and nodes with children as we have seen above. Respectively, the interface that the tree’s selection model must implement and the usual implementation used.

I’m trying to do a tree that users can add and remove things from. The code creates an instance of DefaultMutableTreeNode to serve as the root node for the tree. Notify me of follow-up comments. You can also edit the text in each node. A cell renderer only paints; it cannot handle events. Lazy loading is a characteristic of an application when the actual loading and instantiation of a class is delayed until the point just before the instance is actually used.


Responding to tree node selections is simple. We can see that the icon displayed for the ‘Vegetables’ and ‘Fruits’ node has changed from a leaf icon to a folder icon.

Tree with Root Node Hidden. Thus, if the TreeNode interface is not suitable for your tree model, feel free to devise your own representation for tree nodes. From Journeyman to Master Code Complete: We will then add the selection listener as follows: A Short Course on the Basics”, “tutorial.

How to Use Trees

Produce horizontal lines between level-one nodes. Adding editable nodes to JTree.

The following tables list just a bit of the API, concentrating on the following categories:. The following code, from TreeIconDemo2.

Let us now run the program again, click on the handler icons to expand tutoriaal nodes and resize the frame. We can see that the scrollbar disappears. Do we gain anything by loading them lazily?

A tree model must also implement methods for adding and removing tree model listeners, and must fire TreeModelEvent s to those listeners when the tree’s structure or data changes. Thus, each node associated with a BookInfo object displays a book name. Instead of adding the tree to the frame, we add the scrollpane, like: You might be wondering how a cell renderer works.

The root node is the topmost in the hierarchy.

Setting the Row Height of a JTree. Note that although DefaultMutableTreeNode has methods for changing a node’s content, changes should go through the DefaultTreeModel cover methods.

A tree typically also performs some look-and-feel-specific painting to indicate relationships between nodes. Changing the icons of a tree: TreeModel specifies methods for getting a particular node of the tree, getting the number of children of a particular node, determining whether a node is a leaf, notifying the model of a change in the tree, and adding and removing tree model listeners. This can be done with a simple API call such as: Interestingly, the TreeModel interface accepts any kind of object as a tree node.


So, let us now try and display the handle for the root node. Event handling in JTree is very similar to that of other Swing components. In the case of GenealogyModeleach node is represented by an object of type Persona custom class that does not implement TreeNode. Note that we still make the call to tree.

The no-argument version of this constructor is for use in builders; it creates a tree that contains some sample data.

Creating a JTree : JTree « Swing « Java Tutorial

These can be clicked on to expand the nodes. Whenever a node in the tree is selected, we will display the path of the selected node. This is equivalent to invoking getLastPathComponent on the value returned by tree. Knowing the currently selected node will be one of the most useful events to know. I’m researching them, and you help me a lot! The argument to the DefaultMutableTreeNode constructor is the user object which is an object that contains or points to the data associated with the tree node.

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