Das Wappen des Kantons Appenzell Innerrhoden stellt einen schwarzen, aufrecht gehenden Louis Mühlemann: Wappen und Fahnen der Schweiz. 3. Auflage. Kantonswappen der Schweiz mit Abkürzungen der Kantone Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. Start studying Schweiz: Kantone und ihre Wappen. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
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Each of the 26 modern cantons of Switzerland has an official flag and a coat of arms.
The history of development of these designs spans the 13th to the 20th centuries. The cantons are listed in their order of precedence given in the federal constitution.
Standesfarben were used to identify the historical cantons when the full banner was not available for display, although there is overlap; Unterwalden and Solothurn share the same colours, as do Basel and Appenzell, and with the accession of the modern cantons, Valais and Basel-City, and St. Of the 26 cantons since 22 cantons inaccession of Jura inthree half-cantons designated “canton” in Distinctively, Swiss cantons use square flags.
Nidwalden and Obwalden form traditional subdivisions of Unterwalden. Basel-Stadt and Basel-Landschaft, as well as Appenzell Inner- and Ausserrhoden, are half cantons, resulting from the division of Basel and Appenzellrespectively.
Fahne und Wappen des Kantons Wallis
The Swiss Federal Constitution of abandoned the use of the term “half-canton” as an official designation, so that the official number of cantons became 26 – the former half-cantons being now referred to as “cantons with half a cantonal vote” officially, even though they are still commonly referred to as” half-cantons”. With the exception of Lucerne, Schwyz and Ticino, the cantonal flags are simply transposed versions of the cantonal coats of arms.
In case of Lucerne and Ticino, whose flags consist of fields of different colours divided per fess horizontallythe coats of arms are of the same colours divided per pale vertically. The coat of arms of Schwyz has the cross moved from the hoist canton to the sinister canton with respect to the flag.
The coats of arms of the Thirteen Cantons are based on medieval signs, originating as war flags and as emblems used on seals. The latter was a smaller flag used for minor military expeditions. The Banner was considered a sacred possession, usually kept in a church.
Losing the banner to an enemy force was a great shame and invited mockery from other cantons. Pope Julius II in recognition of the support he received from Swiss mercenaries against France in granted the Swiss the title of Ecclesiasticae libertatis defensores and gave them two large banners, besides a blessed sword and hat. Papal legate Matthias Schiner in addition gave to the Swiss cantons and their associates a total of 42 costly silk banners with augmentationsthe so-called Juliusbanner.
The fashion of arranging cantonal insignia in shields escutcheons as coats of arms arises in the late 15th century. The Tagsatzung in Baden was presented with stained glass representations of all cantons in ca. In these designs, two cantonal escutcheons were shown side by side, below a shield bearing the Imperial Eagle and a crown, flanked by two banner-bearers.
Based on these, there arose a tradition of representing cantonal arms in stained glass Standesscheibenalive throughout the early modern period and continued in the modern state. The text denounces “the Swiss” as “faithless vassals” who hold their territories illegally.
Early depiction of the coats of arms of the Thirteen Cantons title page of La Republique des Suisses by Josias Simmlerprinted in Coats of arms of the Thirteen Cantons as part of a larger collection of coats of arms of free cities by Johann Siebmacher Print of a Wappenscheibe of the 22 coats of arms of the restored Swiss Confederacy .
Depiction of the coats of arms including half-cantons as they stood in Depiction of the flag with Schwenkel Humbert Mareschet In the 13th century, its flag showed a black bear in a white field, changed to the current red-and-yellow diagonal arrangement in Bern also had a war flag with a simple red-and-black horizontal division. The cantonal colours remain red and black. The blue-and-white flag is attested from The vertical division of the coat or arms has been explained as due to a gonfalon type of banner used by Lucerne, hung from a horizontal crossbar, which was also used as a flagstaff, so that the flag was turned by 90 degrees when carried in battle.
The flag originates in the 13th century. It was carried in the battles of Morgarten and Laupen One 14th century flag is preserved in the town hall of Altdorf. Schwyz used a solid red war flag Blutbanner from Pope Sixtus IV confirmed this addition instating explicitly that the crown of thorns and the nails Arma Christi should be shown.
The coat of arms remained solid red throughout the 16th to 18th centuries, but from the 17th century in depictions in print in black and whitethe cross was sometimes shown.
The modern design of flag and coat of arms with the cross in one corner dates to The precise definition of the proportions of the cross dates to Standesscheibe of Schwyzshowing the solid red coat of arms.
The flag Unterwaldenas the canton itself, has a complicated history, on one hand due to the rivalry of the constituent half-cantons Obwalden and Nidwaldenand on the other because its historical flag was identical to that of Solothurn. The war flag of Obwalden was plain red and white, first recorded in Nidwalden tended to be dominated by Obwalden and usually fought under the same banner.
A single key was used in the seal of Nidwalden from the mid 13th century. This seal was used for both Obwalden and Nidwalden i. The addition et vallis superioris “and the upper valley” was scratched into the seal to reflect this. At this point, there was a seal with the key and a war flag red-and-whitebut no coat of arms. Because of the “and the upper valley” addition scratched into the seal, Nidwalden began using a new seal of its own, and the seal of Unterwalden, formerly the seal of Nidwalden, now was used by Obwalden.
The seal of Nidwalden now showed St. Peter with his keys. Nidwalden began using the double-key as a design on its war flag from the early 15th century. The red-and-white flag of Unterwalden was now also the flag of Obwalden if both half-cantons were to be represented separately. This was the situation as the fashion of coats of arms was introduced in the late 15th century.
The early Standesscheiben of the first decade of the 16th century show the double-key as the coat of arms and flag of Nidwalden, while Obwalden has the red-and-white design in both its flag and its coat of arms.
During the 17th and 18th centuries, the coat of arms of the combined canton of Unterwalden came to be depicted as a superposition of the red-and-white flag of Obwalden and the double-key of Nidwalden.
Flags and arms of cantons of Switzerland – Wikipedia
Only in the mid 18th century does the single-key symbol taken from the 13th-century seal appear occasionally in coats of arms of Obwalden. This design was introduced as the official coats of arms of Obwalden inand the same design came gradually into use also for the flag of Obwalden, which also resolved the problem of the Obwalden flag being identical to that of Kantonswappwn.
After this, Glarus used the image of the mantonswappen in its banners. During the 15th and 16th century, these images varied considerably. Only by the beginning 17th century a standard design was established, showing the Saint as a pilgrim in silver on a mantonswappen field. The modern design shows the pilgrim in black, inspired by a banner shown in Glarus claimed as the original banner of The current official design dates to First recorded in Fribourg became independent from the Duchy of Savoy in The adoption of the black and white banner dates to this period, first recorded in The cantonal colours in the 17th and 18th century, and into the early 19th century, are black and blue, while the coat of arms is shown as white and black.
Inthe canton of Friburg adopts black and white for the cantonal coat of arms and as cantonal colours. The peculiar heraldic shape of the crozier the Baslerstab or “Basel staff” dates to the 13th century, used by the Prince-Bishopric of Basel. The flag of the city of Basel was introduced in the early 15th century, as the city gained greater independence from the ruling bishops of Basel The flag and coat of arms of Basel-Landschaft was introduced infrom the coat of arms of Liestal.
The flag is documented from The crown was added to the ram in The ram was originally rampant with only the rear left hoof on the ground, but in the s this was changed to the salient position with both kantosnwappen hooves on kantonseappen ground. The flag is based on that of the Abbot of St. Gallenwho was the feudal lord of Appenzell until The flag of the abbey showed a bear on a yellow field, and the independent territory Appenzell changed the field to white for its own flag.
Before its independence, Appenzell had a flag of a bear statant on all kantonsdappen on a honeycombed field, attested from Appenzell split into its two half-cantons as a result of the Swiss Reformationin The oldest representation of the letters is found on a schaeiz, presumably of the 17th century and known to have been in use in On this flag, the bear is facing away from the hoist, with the letters V and R on the hoist side, behind the bear’s back.
Other military flags with the V and R on either side of the bear are known from the late 18th century. Schweizz coat of arms of the city of St. Gallen like the cantonal coat of arms of Appenzell since the 14th century has shown the bear taken from the flag of the abbot of St.
But the canton of St.
Coat of Arms Postcard Kantonswappen der Schweiz, Uri, |
Gallen is unrelated to the historical territory of its eponymous capital, having been patched together from eight unrelated territories of other Cantons in The schweis arms and flag are an original design by David von Gonzenbach, created in In the original design, the weapon contained in the fasces was a halberdbut this was changed to the axe in There were a number of other design changes during the 20th century; from the s [ dubious — discuss ] untila black Kantonswappfn cross was placed on the axe blade to avoid association with the fasces as used as a symbol of Italian fascism.
The flag of Grisons was adopted in From tothe canton had used various combinations of the three coats of arms of the historical Three Leagues. The modern design combines simplified versions of the historical coats of arms.
Arms of the League of God’s House. Arms of the League of the Ten Jurisdictions. Aargau Argovia is the ancient name of the march between Alemannia and Burgundybut it never was an independent canton historically. The canton of Aargau was created as an administrative division of the Helvetic Republicand its flag is an original design by Samuel Ringier-Seelmatter of Zofingen —dating to The current official design, specifying the stars as five-pointed, dates to Like Aargau, Thurgau was historically a subject territory of the confederacy, and was created as a canton of the Helvetic Republic.
The flag design is an ad-hoc creation ofbased on the two lions in the coat of arms of the House of Kyburg which ruled Thurgau in the 13th century.