Materials and Meaning in Contemporary Japanese Architecture: Tradition and Today; Kenzo Tange and the Metabolist Movement: Urban. Download Citation on ResearchGate | Kenzo Tange and the metabolist movement: Urban utopias of modern Japan | Metabolism, the Japanese architectural. Metabolism, the Japanese architectural avant-garde movement of the s, profoundly influenced contemporary architecture and urbanism.

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Alexa Actionable Analytics for the Web. Get fast, free shipping with Amazon Prime. The building was criticised moevment forsaking the human use of the building in preference to the structure and adaptability. This enforced the Metabolist idea that the expansion of cities could be a biological process.

Discover Prime Book Box for Kids. We regard human society as a vital process – a continuous development from atom to nebula. The conference ran from 11—16 May and had guests, 84 of whom were international, including the architects Louis KahnRalph ErskineB. Originally it was intended to publish the plan at the World Design Conference hence its “” title but it was delayed because the same members were working on the Conference organisation.

Metabolism (architecture) – Wikipedia

It covered his two previously published projects “Tower-shaped City” and “Marine City” and included a new project “Ocean City” that was a combination of the first two.

This presentation exposed the fledgling Metabolist movement to its first international audience. They were influenced by a wide variety of sources including Marxist theories and biological processes. These inserted elements were conceived of as containers that were independent of the structure and could be arranged flexibly as required. Initially the group had chosen the name Burnt Ash School to reflect the ruined state of firebombed Japanese cities and the opportunity they presented for radical re-building.

Both projects used land that had been reclaimed from the sea since the s in combination with floating structures. By the early s it was felt that CIAM was losing its avant-garde edge so in a group of younger members called ” Team 10 ” was formed. There were open spaces within for community centres and every third level there were walkways along which were rows of family houses. The publication included projects by each member but a third of the document was dedicated to work by Kikutake [25] who contributed essays and illustrations on the “Ocean City”.


The project consisted of two primary residential structures each of which was triangular in section. Architectural styles Architecture groups Modernist architecture Architectural history Japanese architecture.

Metabolism (architecture)

It also needed to be flexible in its design to allow future expansion. The population would have been rigidly controlled at an upper limit ofSince the tower has been listed as an architectural heritage by DoCoMoMo. The greatest concentration of their work was to be found at the World Exposition in Osaka where Tange was responsible for master planning the whole site whilst Kikutake and Kurokawa designed pavilions.

The most thorough account in English of Tange’s work in relation to the Metabolist Movement if it really should independently tanve called a movement that I’ve encountered.

Kikutake envisaged that the city would expand by multiplying itself as though it was undergoing cell division. Unlike the more rigid membership structure of Team 10, the Metabolist’s saw their movement kenzl having organic form with the members being free to come and go, although the group had cohesion they saw themselves as individuals and their architecture reflected this.

Please try again later. After the oil crisisthe Movsment turned their attention away from Japan and toward Africa and the Middle East. The x meter floating city block contained accommodation that included a banquet hall, offices and residences for 40 staff and it was built in Hiroshima and then towed to Okinawa. He considered the idea of “major” and “minor” city structure and how this could grow in cycles like the trunk and leaves of a tree.

However, in the residents voted to tear the tower down and build a new storey tower. Views Read Edit View history.

Kahn spoke of his universal moevment to design and used his own Richards Medical Research Laboratories as an example of how new design solutions can be reached with new thinking about space and movement. Ocean City, Space City, Towards Group Form, and Material and Man, and it also included designs tsnge vast cities that floated on the oceans and plug-in capsule towers that could incorporate organic growth. In his Investigations in Collective Form Maki movemrnt the term Megastructure to refer structures that house the whole or part of a city in a single structure.

The city itself was not tied to the land and was free to float across the ocean and grow organically like an organism. These countries were expanding on the back of income from oil and were fascinated by both Japanese culture and the expertise that the Metabolists brought to urban planning.


The tower was vertical “artificial land” onto which steel, pre-fabricated dwelling capsules could be attached. Tange envisioned that the Expo should be primarily tbe as a big festival where human beings could meet.

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Customers who viewed this item also viewed. Amazon Restaurants Food delivery from local restaurants. It consisted of a grid-like city supported on 4 metabolust stilts above the ground. Write a customer review.

Explore the Home Gift Guide. This was demonstrated with a variety of cabins that were observation platforms and VIP rooms and one cabin at ground level that became an information booth. Taketani was a scholar who was also interested in Marxist theory and he brought this along with his scientific theories to the group. Kawazoe, Maki and Kurokawa had invited a selection of kenao architects to design displays for the Mid-Air Exhibition that was to be incorporated within the roof.

Once it became too aged for habitation it would sink itself. It included transportation, services and tangf manufacturing plant for prefabricated houses. By day Asada canvassed politicians, business leaders and journalists for ideas, by night he met with his young friends to cultivate ideas.

Central to the site he placed the Festival Plaza onto which were connected a number of themed displays, all of which metabilist united under one huge roof. Constructed on a hillside, the Sky House is a platform supported on four concrete panels with a hyperbolic paraboloid shell roof. The sacred rocks onto which the shrine is built were seen by the Metabolists as symbolising a Japanese mdtabolist that predated Imperial aspirations and modernising influences from the West.

Japan was selected as the site for the World Exposition and hectares in the Senri Hills in Osaka Prefecture were set aside as the location. After the World Design Conference Maki began to distance himself from Metabolist movement, although his studies in Group Form continued to be of interest to the Metabolists. The Wall City considered the problem of the ever-expanding distance between snd home and the workplace.

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