Stephen David Krasner (born 15 February , New York) is an international relations in his influential book, Sovereignty: Organized Hypocrisy (), in which he defines state sovereignty as clearly drawn out rules in the international . Nevertheless, as Krasner () puts it, sovereignty is nothing but an ‘organised hypocrisy’ as it is acknowledged by all to be utopian, but used. Sovereignty: Organized Hypocrisy by Stephen D. Krasner. Fred H. Lawson. Mills College. Search for more papers by this author.

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Krasner received his bachelor’s degree from the Department of History at Cornell University inwhere he was a member of organkzed Quill and Dagger society. Most of all, sovereignty cannot be an obsolete and hypocritical idea when big and hypocrsy states still proclaim its principle making serious implications of it.

To conclude, this essay has argued that to define sovereignty as organised hypocrisy might be a dangerous choice, even when convinced of the originality of this radical idea.

Your donations allow us to invest in new open access titles and pay our bandwidth bills to ensure we keep our existing titles free to view. Rather, state A will act in accordance hypocridy the limits of the law and to the means it provides. This essay will thus argue that sovereignty is not merely a hypocritical concept, given that certain concessions of it are implied in its very evolution, but also reflects the world powers willingness to act illegally within the limits circumscribed by international law.

On the other hand, it can be juxtaposed the notion that sovereignty is indeed hypocrisy. Any amount, in any currency, is appreciated.

To begin with, this work will define the concept of sovereignty by using both the classification of Krasner employed in his book, but also other interesting sources and comments. Before you download orgnized free e-book, please consider donating to support open access publishing. Nevertheless, sovereignty remains an important principle protected and wanted by many, even by the smallest territories. Sovereignty can be said to be the fundamental pillar on which international relations take place.


In international lawthe rule is that a state has the exclusive right to have control over an area of governance, people, and that a state has organizdd legitimate exercise of power and the interpretation of international law. He oeganized taught courses on international relationsinternational political economyinternational relations theory, policy making, and state-building at Stanford University.

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However, the above classification cannot be exhaustive given that the problem in conceptualising sovereignty is that it becomes hard to separate the descriptive and normative significance of the concept Karp, First of all, the concept of Westphalian sovereignty has been seen by states as a guiding principle rather that as a law to abide to. E-IR is an independent non-profit publisher run by an all volunteer team.

Oxford University Press, pp. An interesting but dissimilar definition of sovereignty is drawn by Karma Nabulsi who argues that sovereignty belongs to the people and is the authority exercised by them through various forms of resistance to repressive and unrepresentative rule.

As it has been argued in the previous section, the descriptive and normative understandings of sovereignty are not reconcilable elements.

Is sovereignty ‘organised hypocrisy’?

On the one hand, some have argued that uypocrisy is becoming an obsolete idea given that the successful neoliberal economic policies and ethical foreign policy operate in a border-less world. Stephen Krasner was made famous in the political science world for his extensive contributions on the krasneg of state sovereignty, in his influential book, Sovereignty: As a consequence, it could be assumed that a full realisation of the concept cannot take place in the real political world as the various forms of sovereignty operate within certain limits.

Like any other political idea, sovereignty is a highly contested concept whose arguments for and against tend to create strong emotional affiliations.

On the one hand, it can be argued that sovereignty is not a fictitious idea. Unequal Sovereigns in the International Legal Order. As a matter of fact, the normative conceptualisation of sovereignty is possibly one of the most successful and long-standing concept within international politics, given that it has survived over three centuries of history and it is sought by all those entities wanting to become members of the states system Bickerton, Cunliffe and Gourevitch, Please Consider Donating Before you download your free e-book, please consider donating to support open access publishing.


For the above reason, it is often taken for granted when dealing with issues regarding the international order and the essence of statehood Simpson, The concept of sovereignty has evolved and is still evolving, however its controversial and questionable nature has not evolved, as the world keeps on witnessing the same disasters and the same usurpations of the most powerful towards the weaker states.

But what is the fuss about this political idea? Bureaucratic theorists see the collective decisions of smaller actors in the bureaucratic procedure as what influences the foreign policy, not the decisions of the high-ranking executive officials. He has also written extensively about statehood and sovereignty.

Krasner also describes the four situations in which the international community deems normal rules of sovereignty invalid and subject to outside intervention:.

Gibraltar is one of them, with the Rock of Gibraltar still a source of conflict between Spain and the United Kingdom, which retain full control over the territory after that the population from Gibraltar refused an agreement on sharing sovereignty between the Spanish and British governments BBC, He is a senior fellow at Stanford’s Hoover Institution. Finally, it will offer an objective evaluation of the opposite arguments by showing the way in which the practicability of the idea wins over its utopian essence probably it is better to be unrealisable under certain aspects.

At the time of the independence movements of the s and s, some of the ex-colonies were clearly not ready to control the state infrastructure left by the colonisers and to meet the demands of the people who did not feel attached to a country or political elite which did not represent them.

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