Ali Khan (I) on IMDb: Movies, Tv, Celebrities, and more. under the pseudonym Kurban Said, and directed by Asif Kapadia (Senna, Amy), Ali and Nino strives for the status of . Kareena Kapoor reveals husband Saif Ali Khan is very child-like!. Kurban. Define; Relate; List; Discuss; See; Hear; unLove. Definitions. Sorry, no definitions found. You may find more data at kurban. Feb 1, to read ever since learning that it existed—I’ve loved Ali and Nino for years (it was the subject of one more about Lev Nussimbaum, who wrote the novel under the pseudonym Kurban Said in Vienna in . Saif says.

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Kurban Said — Kurban Said, is the pseudonym for the author of Ali and Nino, a novel originally published kugban in the German language by the Austrian publisher, E. The novel currently has published in more than 30 languages.

The true identity of the author who wrote as Kurban Said is in dispute, in Azerbaijan where the novel Ali and Nino has its setting, Kurban is ,urban Gurban. The root of the word originates in Semitic languages—Arabic and Hebrew, the term connotes sacrifice—a traditional religious concept common to Middle Eastern cultures. Kurabn idea contradicts the storyline in the novel, which is anything, a sad underlying lurban theme pervades the novel from beginning to end.

Some people including Orkhan Vazirov, the son of Yusif Vazir Chamanzaminli, are convinced that the pseudonym is more likely to have been Kurban Seyid or possibly Seyid Kurban. Seyid refers to someone who is recognized as a descendent from the Prophet Mohammed—in other words, thus, Seyid Kurban would more accurately convey the meaning of someone of sacred descent who had been sacrificed, which is exactly the theme of the novel Ali and Nino.

Ali Khan, the protagonist, sacrifices himself for the nlno for himself and he dies while resisting the Bolshevik takeover of his country.

Note that in the Azerbaijani language, both Gurban and Seyid can be used as either first or last names, interestingly, Yusif Vazir Chamanzaminli was a seyid himself, allegedly having been descended from Mohammed on both sides of his family. As for the name Gurban, Chamanzaminli had written a story entitled Gurban.

Chamanzaminli realized that historical circumstances made him a victim of politics. Chamanzaminli would have had to have left the manuscript Zli and Nino in Europe at this time — as it was critical of the Bolshevik regime.

Had he returned to Baku with the manuscript in hand, it would have been sheer suicide as the Bolsheviks had executed most of the government officials of the former regime and any opposition.

As it was, a later, Azerbaijan Writers Union in were under orders from Stalin to purge anyone from their ranks who did not embrace the Soviet ideology. YVC was accused of introducing counter-revolutionary ideas in the characters of his anti-heroes in his novels and soon afterwards, note that Chamanzaminli used the pseudonym Ali Khan Chamanzaminli in some of his earliest works, published in Ali Khan is the name of the character in the novel Ali.

Though never published, Der Mann was advertised in as though it actually had been published and was available for purchase and this was the same year that Ali and Nino appeared. It was published under the pseudonym Kurban Said, the novel has been published in more than 30 languages, with more than editions or reprints. The book was first published in Vienna in German in and it is widely regarded as a literary masterpiece and since its rediscovery and global circulation, which began init is commonly considered the national novel of Azerbaijan.

There has been a deal of interest in the authorship of Ali. The true identity behind the pseudonym Kurban Said has been the subject of some dispute, the case for Lev Nussimbaum, aka Essad Bey, as the author originally surfaced in A claim for Yusif Vazir Chamanzaminli as author originated inAli and Nino is the story of a Muslim youth who falls in love with a Georgian princess.


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Essentially, the book is a quest for truth and reconciliation in a world of contradictory beliefs and practices — Islam and Christianity, East and West, age and youth, male and female. Much of the novel is set in Bakus Old City on the eve of the Bolshevik Revolution beginning around —, the novel was first published in Austria in in the German language, by Lev Nussimbaum using the pseudonym Kurban Said.

Ali Khan Shirvanshir, a descendant of a noble Muslim family, is educated in a Russian high school for boys, the book describes the love of Ali for Nino, with excursions to mountain villages in Daghestan, Shusha in Azerbaijan, Tbilisi, Georgia, and Persia. Upon graduating from school, Ali determines to marry Nino. At first she hesitates, until Ali promises that he not make her wear the veil. Alis father, alli his traditional Muslim alk of women, supports the marriage while trying to postpone it, the book takes a dramatic turn when a Armenian, Melik Nachararyan, whom Ali thought was a friend, kidnaps Nino.

In retaliation, Ali pursues him on horseback, overtakes his lacquered box car, contrary to the tradition of honor killing urged by Alis friend Mehmed Haidar, Ali spares Ninos life.

Ali then flees to Daghestan to escape the vengeance of Nachararyans family, after many months, Nino finds Ali in a simple hilltown in the mountains near Makhachkala. The two marry on the spot and spend a few months in blissful eaif, as turmoil follows the Russian Revolution, Ali Khan makes some tough ideological decisions. In Tehran, Ali is reminded of his Muslim roots, while Nino is fundamentally unhappy in the confinement of the harem, upon kugban of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, Ali and Nino return and become cultural ambassadors of their new country.

Ali is offered a post as ambassador to France — an idea Nino had arranged — but Ali declines, when the Red Army descends on Ganja, Azerbaijan, Ali takes up arms to defend his country. Muhammad — Muhammad is the prophet of Islam. From a secular historical perspective he was a religious, political, from an Islamic perspective, he was Gods Messenger sent to confirm the essential teachings of monotheism preached previously by Adam, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and other prophets.

He is viewed as the prophet of God in all branches of Islam.

Ali and Nino – Wikipedia

Muhammad united Arabia into a single Muslim nuno and ensured that his teachings, practices, born approximately CE in the Arabian city of Mecca, Muhammad was orphaned at an early age, he was raised under the care of his paternal uncle Abu Talib.

Muhammad gained few early followers, and met hostility from some Meccan tribes, to escape persecution, Muhammad sent some followers to Abyssinia before he and his followers migrated from Mecca to Medina in the year This event, the Hijra, marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar, in Medina, Muhammad united the tribes under the Constitution of Medina.

In Decemberafter eight years of intermittent conflict with Meccan tribes, Muhammad gathered an army of 10, Muslim converts, the attack went largely uncontested and Muhammad seized the city with little bloodshed. Ina few months after returning from the Farewell Pilgrimage, he fell ill, before his death, most of the Arabian Peninsula had converted to Islam.

The revelations, which Muhammad reported receiving until his death, form the verses of the Quran, regarded by Muslims as the Word of God and around which the religion is based. Besides the Quran, Muhammads teachings and practices, found in the Hadith and sira literature, are upheld by Muslims. The name Muhammad means praiseworthy and appears four times in the Quran, Muhammad is sometimes addressed by designations deriving from his state at the time of the address, thus he is referred to as the enwrapped in Quran 73,1 and the shrouded in Quran 74,1.


Muslims believe it represents the words of God revealed by the archangel Gabriel to Muhammad, the Quran, however, provides minimal assistance for Muhammads chronological biography, most Quranic verses do not provide significant historical context. An important source may be found in the works by writers of the 2nd. These include the traditional Muslim biographies of Muhammad, which additional information about Muhammads life.

Another early history source is the history of Muhammads campaigns by al-Waqidi, many scholars accept the earliest biographies as accurate, though their accuracy is unascertainable. Its established borders were with Russia to the north, the Democratic Republic of Georgia to the north-west, the First Republic of Armenia to the west and it had a population of 2.

Ganja was the capital of the Republic as Baku was under Bolshevik control. Fatali Khan Khoyski became its first prime minister, besides the Musavat majority, Ahrar, Ittihad, Muslim Social Democrats as well as representatives of Armenian, Russian, Polish, Jewish and German minorities gained seats in the parliament.

Some members supported Pan-Islamist and Pan-Turkist ideas, another important accomplishment of the ADR was the establishment of Baku State University, which was the first modern-type university founded in Azerbaijan.

It was a region of the Russian Empire, where 3 independent states were born later, Armenia, Georgia. The population of the latter was in major part Muslims and that is why it is referred to as Muslim territory when talking about this period of history.

After the February revolution of in Russia saaif March 22, the members of Ozakom were the members of the State Council and representatives of the Armenian, Georgian and Azerbaijan political elite.

Ozakom announced that in the months the most important issues, i. In the course of April and May several Muslim Assemblies took place, like many ethnic minorities of Transcaucasia, Azeris aimed at secession from Russia after the February Revolution.

Qurban Ali Khan

Two general opinions were expressed by the representatives of the Muslim community, pan-Turkish, meaning joining with Turkey, the Transcaucasian region got an opportunity to decide its destiny, taking the course of federalization. After the October revolution of the Transcaucaisan government had to change its policy as Russia was now involved in the Civil War, the Transcaucausians did not accept the Bolshevik revolution. Bolsheviks refused to join the Sejm and established their own government of the local Soviet in Baku, the Commune was formed by 85 Social Revolutionaries and Left Social Revolutionaries,48 Bolsheviks,36 Dashnaks,18 Musavatists and 13 Mensheviks.

The Russian forces were substituted by new Armenian bodies, which were not prepared to the war, given the circumstances, the Transcaucasian Sejm signed the Armistice of Erzincan with the Ottoman Empire on December 5, The terms of the Treaty revealed a conflict between Georgians and Armenians on one side and the Muslims on another. Ali und Nino, first edition in the German language, published by E.

Though never published, Der Mann was advertised in as though it actually had been published and was available for purchase and this was the same year that Ali and Nino appeared 2. Ali is offered a post as ambassador to France — an idea Nino had arranged — but Ali declines, when the Red Army descends on Ganja, Azerbaijan, Ali takes up arms to defend his country 3.

Another early history source is the history of Muhammads campaigns by al-Waqidi, many scholars accept the earliest biographies as accurate, though their accuracy is unascertainable 4.

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