LA GITANILLA MIGUEL DE CERVANTES SAAVEDRA la gitallina el chico ( clemente) la gitana vieja tres gitanas hija de la viuda los padres de. en El libro de Apolonio y La gitanilla. Objetivo general: Resumen de El libro de Apolonio Similitudes en Libro de Apolonio y La gitanilla “. historia moderna intrducción europa en los xvi se gobierna mediante se lanzó vivió una época de monarquías autoritarias la exoloración colonización de.
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La gitanilla is the story of a 15 year old gypsy girl named Preciosa, who is said to be talented, extremely beautiful, and wise beyond her years. Accompanied by her adoptive grandmother and other members of her gypsy family groupPreciosa travels to Madridwhere she meets a charming noblemannamed Juan de Carcome. During these adventurous two years, much is learned both by the main characters and about them, resulting in an unexpected happy ending. The main themes of the story include the making and breaking of stereotypes, female power and freedom, the importance of word, and the so-called truth behind the mystery of gypsy life.
Preciosa is a 15 year old gypsy girl who was raised by an old gypsy woman who calls herself Preciosa’s grandmother. Preciosa grew up with her gypsy family group in Sevilla, Spain. The gypsies travel to Madrid where Preciosa makes her debut in a festival for the patron saint of the city, Saint Annawhere Preciosa is able to sing and dance for the public.
She immediately attracts a great following as she is recognized as a wonderful performer, a great beauty, and a kind soul. Preciosa’s grandmother agrees to perform for the lieutenant and his wife. After the performance another page approaches Preciosa with a petition to perform his poems, giving her a folder paper containing one of his romances for her to perform. Preciosa agrees and makes a deal to pay for his poems by the dozen, to the satisfaction of the page. While the gypsies are on the way to the lieutenant’s house, they stop when beckoned from a window by a gentleman.
They are invited to perform for a group of gentlemen, much to the dismay of Cristina, a fellow gypsy maiden wary of spending much time with a large group of men. Preciosa convinces Cristina that there is nothing to fear, and the group of gypsies decide to perform for the group of gentlemen.
One of the gentlemen sees the paper in Preciosa’s hand and grabs it, sees that it has a coin for Preciosa within, and begins to read the poem, as prompted by Preciosa to do so. Preciosa critiques the poem and when questioned as to how she knows so much, she insists that she needs no teacher as the life of a gypsy is teacher enough to ensure that every gypsy is wise to the ways of the world at a young age.
The ladies all fawn over Preciosa and ask to hear their fortunes toldbut none among them could find any money to give.
The next morning, on their way back to Madrid, the gypsies meet a handsome young gentleman who asks to speak Preciosa and her grandmother in private. The young gentleman reveals himself to be a knight and explains that he has become enamoured by Preciosa’s beauty and talent, wishes to serve her as she wishes, and make her a lady of the court. The young knight presents the two of them with a large sum of money, as a means of proving what he can provide as a future husband to Preciosa.
Preciosa insists on answering the gentleman for herself, asserting that her virtue cannot be swayed by money, promises, or schemes. She agrees to become his wife if only he agrees to her conditions: The young man agrees to these conditions as he has already promised to give Preciosa’s what she wishes, however he makes a condition of his own, that Preciosa does not return to Madrid in order to avoid any harm that could come of it.
Preciosa refuses to follow this condition, affirming her independence and asking that the young man trust her. They agreed that they should return to the same place in eight days, in which time Preciosa could verify his identity and the gentleman could arrange his affairs.
The grandmother accepts the young man’s offering with a great many arguments to Preciosa for why they should keep the reskmen. Once in Madrid, Preciosa is again approached by the page who wrote the romance for her, ready to offer another poem.
The two discuss the position of “poet” and the art of poetry, and rest on the conclusion that the page is not a poet but rather a lover of poetry, al that he is neither rich nor poor, but rather comfortable enough financially to be able to spare a coin or two.
Preciosa refuses to keep the poem until the page agrees to take back his money, which he does. The gypsies take him to their camp outside of the city where he discovers he first lessons on gypsy life and Preciosa is given another chance to assert her independence. One night, the page-poet happens upon the gypsy camp while traveling and he becomes injured.
The gypsies take him in, tend to his injury, and offer him sanctuary. The gypsies agree to help Don Sancho, as that is his name until renamed Clemente by the gypsies. After some time, the gypsies travel to Murcia and stop on their way at an inn.
El Siglo de Oro
Preciosa’s grandmother confesses to having kidnapped Preciosa as a young gitanillq and raised her as her own granddaughter. La gitanilla displays a dichotomy between truth and deception. Although Preciosa is familiar with the art resymen deception in her professional life as a performer, she is also dedicated to the truth in her personal life Lipson, While she is able to convince customers of their fabricated fortunes, Preciosa is also committed gjtanilla honesty and expects it from those around her.
She refuses to engage in conversation with Clemente until he swears to be honest with her. Another example of the dichotomous nature of truth and deception in the story is that of Preciosa’s grandmother. Everyone was quick to believe her throughout her deception, but as soon as she chooses to be honest she is no longer credible Reeumen, It is also possible to see this concept of truth vs.
Preciosa lives a life of deception out of circumstance, she makes no choice to do say, this was just the lot she was given. Clemente is forced into living in deception out of necessity to preserve redumen life. Each has a hidden truth, even though Preciosa is not aware of hers until the end of the story.
La gitanilla depicts gitanillla versions of what the gypsy life is like. The first depiction is that of the stereotypical understanding of what it means to be a gypsy. This is initially introduced to the reader in the very first sentence of the story”It would almost seem that the Gitanos and Gitanas, or male and female gipsies, had been sent into the world for the sole purpose of thieving. Born of parents who are thieves, reared among thieves, and educated as thieves, they finally go forth perfected in their vocation, accomplished at all points, and ready for every species of roguery.
In them the love of thieving, and the ability to exercise it, are qualities inseparable from their existence, gianilla never lost until resjmen hour of their death. Would you have me lose a hundred crowns, Preciosa? The gitanillaa depiction of the gypsy life is that of the exceptional gypsies. The reader is slowly introduced to this version through the character of Preciosa. Michael Gerli explains that, “Her actions, while at once incorporating the wit and liveliness of a gypsy, do not wholly conform with our expectations that all gypsies are thieves” Preciosa is depicted as beautiful, talented, intelligent, wise beyond her years, honest, and trustworthy.
It appears that Cervantes is attempting to acknowledge a version of the gypsy life completely contrary to gtanilla stereotypical depiction. The problem comes in at the end of the story, in that moment of anagnorisis, when it is revealed that Preciosa is not a true gypsy girl but rather a young woman of noble birth. Are the readers still able to hold on to this exceptional depiction of gypsy life as true when the main gitanulla is found to be based on a lie? Another argument is that, although Preciosa may have been born noble, she was raised a gypsy just as much as any of her peers which begs the question of nature vs.
Is it more important that she was born as a noble or that she was raised as a gypsy? Cervantes leaves us with this moment of irony, perhaps to force his audience to question gitanill or not it really matters that the so-called best gypsy was actually no gypsy at all.
Apart from these two very different versions of the life, gypsy culture is slightly revealed in the story as well. The reader is able to see the importance of music, poetry, dance, and the oral tradition for the gypsy people. Through the prevalence of songs and poems as well as the descriptions of dances and fortune-tellings, Cervantes shows mainstream Spain the art behind a group of people often ostracized.
This dialogue unfolds a moral code in which marriage, love, and fidelity are all very important and integral to the gypsy life. Throughout the story the reader is also able to see the emphasis on community within the gypsy culture. The gypsies work together as a group, live together as a group, and travel together as a group. Although the negative stereotypes may be sustained by some aspects of the story, some very positive facets of the community are also supported by the text.
La abundancia en “La gitanilla” de Cervantes. Idealism and Irony in La Gitanilla. Bulletin of the Cervantes Society of America 6. Mendacious Discourse in La gitanilla. Bulletin of the Cervantes Society of America 9.
Bulletin of the Cervantes Society of America Deception, Trust and the Figure of Poetry in La gitanilla. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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