Maerua angolensis DC. [family CAPPARACEAE]. Herbarium. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (K). Collection. Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa. Resource Type. Maerua angolensis is widely distributed in continental tropical Africa but is absent in some countries with a high rainfall. It is also present in the. Abubakar, M.S., Musa, A.M., Ahmed, A. & Hussaini, I.M., The perception and practice of traditional medicine in the treatment of cancers and inflammations .
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National Museums of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya. In Senegal the leaves are eaten as well, but use of the leaves as a condiment is more widespread. By extension, elevated levels of NO produced by substrates of the neuronal nitric oxide synthase nNOs system can increase the liability to seizure in the CNS after injection of a proconvulsant agent.
It is also present in the northern parts of South Africa. Red data list status: The percentage scavenging activity of DPPH radical was calculated using the following formula: Medicinal plants of East Africa. The fruit is sweet and drunk as a squash. The percentage of inhibition of superoxide anion was calculated using the following equation: Similar results were obtained for diazepam.
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Maerua angolensis Images
It is not suitable for firewood but the wood is used to make charcoal. It is based on the ability of the enzyme source to break down H 2 O 2.
Maerua angolensis HA03Maerua angolensis x – 48k – jpg www. Young Angolensjs angolensis plants grow fast with an annual growth rate of up to 80 cm that diminishes with age to c.
As with most species in the family the twigs and branches display prominent lenticels. Although the influence of oxidative stress as a cause or consequence of epilepsy is still debated, maerja is agreed as common knowledge that the production of free radicals plays a role in the pathogenesis of epilepsy [ 5 ].
Inflorescence a short corymbose raceme, terminal or on short side branches or flowers solitary. Experimental studies suggest that an imbalance in the oxidative state of brain neuronal cells is a contributing factor to angolenxis induction and propagation of epilepsy.
Additionally, agents that enhance the downstream activity of NO, by preventing the breakdown of cGMP, can enhance the proconvulsant effects of suboptimal levels of NO [ 28 ]. The lower and upper margins of the boxes represent 25th and 75th percentiles with the extended arms representing the 10th and 90th percentiles, respectively. The reaction mixture was shaken vigorously and left in the dark at room temperature for 30 minutes. Rats were observed for latency to and duration of myoclonic seizures and additionally the level of protection against oxidant markers and products was assessed in vitro and in vivo.
A modified thiobarbituric acid-reactive maeruw TBARS angolehsis described by Dasgupta and De [ 14 ] was used to measure the lipid peroxide formed using egg-yolk homogenates as lipid-rich maerha. Although some conflicting data exist, most works suggest that decreased nitric oxide production leads to anticonvulsant effects, while increased NO levels produce proconvulsant effects in PTZ-induced seizures [ 21927 ]. Fruit a cylindrical capsule up to 22 cm long, constricted between the seeds, glabrous, few- to many-seeded.
Showing 0 of 0 comments. Ascorbic acid was used as the standard antioxidant. Cardiac problems are treated in the same way and by wearing the root around the neck as an amulet or by eating the root ash.
PTZ blocks GABA-mediated Cl — influx through an amgolensis interaction in the Cl — channel, thus leading to induction of convulsions in animals [ 2324 ]. Several C12, C14 and C18 fatty acids and esters that showed antifungal activity have been isolated from the aerial parts. Pretreatment with flumazenil reversed the anticonvulsant effect of MAE, suggesting involvement of receptor in its anticonvulsant effects.
JPG x – 12k – jpg www. It is easily cultivated from seed and fruits are easily collected in the wild. Further studies suggested that the bark is non-toxic in anti-inflammatory doses, supporting ethnomedical use of the plant in managing inflammation.
The tree produces vigorous suckers from its base after it has been damaged by bush fire.
Capparaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1 1 Pages – The dried stem bark was chopped and pulverized into a fine light-brown powder. Maerua angolensis is very variable in its pubescence. The LPO level was estimated in brain tissue supernatant in terms of malondialdehyde MDA which was determined as per the methods of Heath and Packer [ 15 ]. The tree has a rounded crown and smooth grey bark flaking to reveal yellowish-orange patches. However, rats pretreated with MAE or diazepam showed no reduction in catalase activity Figures 8 a and 8 b.
Nitric oxide NO plays a role in the anticonvulsant effects of some antiseizure drugs. Citation in scholarly articles. Maerua angolensis Prelude Medicinal Plants Database x maeruq k – jpg www.
Flora of Zimbabwe: Species information: individual images: Maerua angolensis
However, the sun-effective dose of L-arginine reversed the anticonvulsant activity of an anticonvulsant dose of MAE. In Tanzania the powdered leaves are used as fish-poison. A decrease in the activity of superoxide dismutase and catalase could result in the decreased removal of superoxide and hydrogen peroxide radicals, which brings about harmful events that can lead to the neuronal tissue angolensia.
In recent times, quite a number of Ghanaian plants have been shown to exhibit diverse central nervous system activities ranging from anxiolytic activity to antidepressant and anticonvulsant activity [ 1117 — 19 ]. A leaf decoction is drunk as a cure for rheumatism.